Volcanic Disasters: A Study of Mount Pinatubo

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Mount Pinatubo Mount Pinatubo is an active stratovolcano that is found on the island of Luzon next to Philippine province. It is noted that the eruption that it produced in 1991 was the second largest eruption to be experienced in the 20th Century coming after the Novarupta in Alaska that took place in 1912. It was estimated that it gave rise to 16 cubic kilometers of dust. The eruption was forecasted in good time hence there was massive evacuation leading to rescue of lives and property though most of the land is still unusable to date. There was a level 4 alert issued that saw the initial evacuation of up to 10 kilometers. Later on, the danger was more serious and a level 5 alert was issued that saw an evacuation of up to 40 kilometers that was conducted. Even though there were warnings given, there were several weaknesses that were experienced in the nature of the response. The warning was noted to have been given with inaccurate measures like the level 4 alert that saw people evacuated to a perimeter of only 10 kilometers yet it was later on realized that there was need to evacuate to a whole four times over of the initial kilometers (40 kilometers). This resulted into disruptions and loss of lives. The other aspect that exacerbated the destruction that was caused by the eruption and deaths was the inaccurate weather forecast. It is noticeable that the prediction of the volcano did not take into account the coming of the hurricane Yunya. Unfortunately it was on

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