Volcanoes : Volcanoes Of Hawaii

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Volcanoes of Hawaii With a population of 142 million people Hawaii is the home to the largest volcanic islands. Hawaii is a state with eight main islands, which are Hawai’i, Maui, Oahu, Kauai, Molokai, Lanai, Niihau, and Kahoolawe (Macdonald 3). On those islands, Hawaii consists of five major volcanoes: Kilauea, Mauna Loa, Hualalai, Kohala, and Mauna Kea (Macdonald 59). Figure 3.2 shows a map of the 5 major volcanoes that make up the Hawaii Island (Macdonald 59). There is one more major volcano, Loihi, which is considered a submarine volcano (Macdonald 4). However, before learning about the Hawaii volcanoes we have to know how Hawaii itself was formed. Hawaii was formed with the volcano of Kilauea, which lead more volcanoes to erupt. It has been theorized that Hawaii is sitting on a hot spot under the Pacific plate, which has come to be known as the hot plate theory (Macdonald 1). In Stanley’s text Earth System History, a hot spot is defined as a small geographical area where the crust is elevated by the rising magma that can cause a volcano to erupt (192). These hotspots pushed the molten lava to the surface, which caused the sea volcanoes to form. The volcanoes overtime rose to the surface of earth and formed the Hawaiian Islands. Then the Pacific plate rotated northwest, which made room for more hotspots to occur, therefore, making the eight total islands in Hawaii ("How Did Hawaii Came to Be”, par. 2). However, nobody is absolutely certain what exactly
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