Vom Rath Research Paper

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On the night of November 9th, 1938, chaos struck the German Reich and forever changed the lives of Jewish people living in Europe. This terror, known as Kristallnacht, ended late on November 10th. As a result, nearly 8,000 Jewish business and homes were destroyed, 200 synagogues were burned to the ground, and 76 were demolished. Innocent Jews were beaten, raped, and terrorized by Nazi officers in their own homes (Fitzgerald 72). As a result of this historic pogrom, over 100 Jews were killed and 30,000 were sent to concentration camps; most never to be set free (Fitzgerald 13). Earlier in the day on November 9th, newspapers and radio stations, controlled by Nazi propaganda, had reported that the Secretary of Legislation at the German Embassy in Paris had been shot and seriously…show more content…
It wasn’t until two days later on November 9th, 1938, when Ernst vom Rath was pronounced dead as the news of his tragic death swept the country (Schwab 10). This assassination was used as propaganda in which the Nazi party blamed Jews in general, more specifically Herschel Grynszpan, for “lighting the fuse” for the horrendous attacks that took place during Kristallnacht (Fitzgerald 62). For years Jews living in the German State suffered under the rule of Adolf Hitler, but Kristallnacht was the first public act of violence carried out in a large scale in attempt to make Germany Judenfrei, or Jew free. (Fitzgerald 33). Kristallnacht translates to “night of the broken glass” in German, in reference to the six-million Reichsmark (equivalent to about 2.4 million dollars) worth of glass windows of Jewish businesses that were shattered during the pogrom; but the dignity and hope of Jews living in Germany had been shattered like glass long before

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