Vygotsky And A Maori Model

1658 WordsSep 24, 20177 Pages
Human development theories are useful in understanding how a person develops throughout their life and there a several different perspectives in the realm of social work practice. Throughout this essay, we will explore a Cognitive development theory, by Lev Vygotsky and a Maori model, by Mason Durie. This essay will examine these theories in depth and explore how they can be used in social work practice. Vygotsky’s development theory, is a theory that focuses on the individual and the individual’s social influences (Crawford & Walker, 2003). Vygotsky’s cognitive theory, is a theory based on how a child impacts their own development. Other people play a role of importance in a child’s development and that a child’s learning and thinking…show more content…
Vygotsky is known to talk about the importance of diversity and that each child is uniquely different, defined by their own culture and social interactions with those closest to them. Vygotsky examined how social and cognitive development can be implemented together. Vygotsky believed that the world children are in, are embodied by their families, socioeconomic status, communities, culture and education (Mooney, 2000). ZPD is a central idea of this theory, it is a part of the actual development and potential development (Clairborne & Drewery, 2010). ZPD explores the child’s actual development and the level of potential development, that can be attained with proper support and guidance. Vygotsky mentions how language development is important in the context of a child’s culture and the help and support that is achievable within their culture. Santrock (2015) states that ZPD is a tool for recognizing a child’s level, low level being a child working independently and high level, working with support. ZPD is an aspect, which outlines that a child can increase development with the assistance and support of an adult. Instead of leaving it up to nature, a child can be influenced to progress higher development. Within the theory, Vygotsky mentions Scaffolding. A term used to identify that changing the support levels of adults can enhance a
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