Vygotsky's Zone Of Proximal Development

Decent Essays
The term assessment is the process of using a wide variety of abilities and knowledge, in this case, of students. The textbook explains that the purpose of assessment in reading and writing instruction is for the students and the teachers. It is important for the students to understand their progress in literacy and learning and to evaluate their own strengths and weaknesses. Assessment in reading, for teachers, involves comprehension and appreciation for how children interact with print in authentic reading situations (Vacca p. 144). There is a multitude of different types of assessments and tools to getting the results that we know impact individual students, schools, districts, and even nationwide.
One of these tools is known as Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development (ZPD). According to the article, Sharpening a tool for teaching: the zone of proximal development by Rob Wass and Clinton Golding, Vygotsky’s (ZPD) provides an important understanding of learning, a way to think and organize teaching in both the
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One form of assessment that we may all be familiar with regardless of our profession is high-stakes testing. This type of assessment provides the public with assurance that students can achieve at a level needed to function in the real world. While there are both pros and cons with any assessment, high-stakes testing should be relied on to enhance instruction and help the students and not to chastise students or schools (Vacca p. 146). Another type of assessment is called formative assessment which can be both formal and informal. These can help document students’ progress along the way and can be beneficial, especially when needing to monitor reading growth. Through formative assessment, the results help to identify the specific learning needs of all readers, as well as those who do not speak English as their first language (Vacca p.
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