W.D. Ross, A Twentieth-Century Philosopher, Developed An

1485 WordsApr 20, 20176 Pages
W.D. Ross, a twentieth-century philosopher, developed an influential version of moral pluralism. Throughout his development of moral pluralism, he has established many working parts and has adequately come up with a basis of understanding his moral theory. Ross’ version of moral pluralism is what is going to be explored throughout the length of this paper. This paper will consist of two parts. The first part will consist of an explanation of Ross’ theory and the second part will be a presentation of a dilemma with an applied resolution. When discussing moral pluralism, it is important to understand that it consists of two main claims. These claims serve as the defining “focus” of moral pluralism. The first claim states: there is a…show more content…
This in turn constitutes keeping the promise and picking up your friend. The reason being, the case provides a moral reason that favors picking up her friend. The result of this case would be, a prima facie duty to keep the promise. It is important to understand that a prima facie duty is not synonymous with ones all-things-considered-duty. When two prima facie duties come into conflict, one must decide which situation is more “stringent” which in turn would make it ones all-things-considered-duty. This statement claims that one prima facie duty can be overridden by a competing prima facie duty. Which would in turn conclude that the prima facie duty that was overridden, is not ones all-things-considered-duty. Ross has developed seven basic prima facie duties. He claims that every other prima facie duty is not basic but rather a combination of two or more from his developed basic duties. The seven duties consist of: fidelity, reparation, gratitude, justice, beneficence, self-improvement, and non-maleficence. Ross stresses the fact that of all the duties, not one outranks the other when trying to determine a right verdict. It is important to be fully aware of what each of the duties mean. First, we can break up fidelity, reparation, and gratitude into

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