Wa, Guanxi and Inhwa: Managerial Principles of Japan, China and Korea

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Wa, Guanxi, and Inhwa:
Managerial Principle in Japan, China, and Korea

I. Introduction:

MANAGERIAL is an act of management in all business and organization to get the desired goals and objectives by inserting PRINCIPLES depends on the philosophies, behavior and culture of an organization.

According to Jon P. Alston article, each society has its separate, distinctive philosophy which leads to specific behavior appropriate to the setting and having knowledge of their principles is not only helpful but also a critical success in dealing with people in business particularly in different countries.

Since organization is viewed as a system, management can consider this as an act to the organization to managing their resources including
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In business terms, Wa is reflected in the avoidance of self-assertion and individualism and the preservation of good relationships despite differences in opinion. Which means that the members of the group are expected to submerge their individual goals in favor's of the group.

The principle of Wa also governs the Japanese view of conflict. Confrontation destroys Wa and is to be avoided at all costs, while consensus is to be created and preserved. In Japan, it is a given that before the meeting begins, alternatives will have been considered, objections raised and the final decision made. These things are done quietly, through the exchange of memos and e-mails and hallway conversations. At the meeting, everyone expresses agreement with, and support for, the decision already made, and the person in charge moves forward with implementation. The purpose of the Japanese business meeting is not to make a decision but to confirm the consensus of support for a decision already made. The Japanese party will see no need to meet and, in fact, will resist suggestions to meet until the general terms of the agreement have been decided upon through informal communications. The Japanese will view the meeting as a time to strengthen both personal and business relationships and as a ceremony where the parties demonstrate their mutual commitment to each
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