Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of DSM-IV TR, as well as new changes for DSM-V.
Controversies Surrounding Classification Theories of Psychopathology HS513-T302 March 25, 2012 Abstract The DSM is used as a standard of reference for psychological diagnosis. The DSM was originally published in 1952 containing only 106 diagnoses; today the revised DSM-IV-TR contains 365 diagnoses. Throughout the history of the DSM, individuals in the mental health profession have relied on it for clarification of disorders, facilitating research, improving communication with other professionals and improving the collection of clinical information. With a new DSM-V underway, there has been a lot of issues surrounding the contents and classifications of the new DSM. There are
While reading over the introduction to the DSM-5 I was impressed. I have never looked at any DSM or really any mental health disorders thus far in my studies. I was mostly impressed with the strive to continue making the DSM more useful and understanding. Some things that are in the introduction to the DSM-5 that caught my attention was that the Task Force was very involved in trying to find a balance between the different disorders without confusing them together (p. 5). Another point that I found important was that the overall goal for the DSM-5 was “the degree to which two clinicians could independently arrive at the same diagnosis for a given patient” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013, p. 7). This is a strong reasoning to improve the DSM and I am actually stocked that it took this long to change things because Robert Spritzer (a psychiatrist of the twentieth century who became have a strong part in developing the DSM-III and the DSM-IIIR), back in 1974 noticed the central issue being the problem of diagnosis and psychiatrists not being able to agree on the same disorders (Spiegel, 2005).
Drawbacks The controversy and criticism surrounding the DSM -5 models has raised questions about its credibility and has raised concerns from the public on the reliability and effectiveness. Problems with this classification system is the attempt to promote preventive psychiatry by introducing how
Hoarding Disorder A picture of hoarding disorder is created through personal interaction and the diagnosis is supported by the DSM V.
The statistics and facts above have demonstrated that removing Asperger’s Disorder from the DSM-5, as a mental health diagnosis, negatively affects an entire population of people, referred to as Aspies. The underlying issue is the power the DSM-5 manual has on overall mental health to determine identities, diagnosis, treatment health and mental health services, educational services and more. One DSM change has power to affect an entire population of people with developmental disabilities. It is important to understand how this affects our society as a whole by examining how this problem affects family, religion, government, and economy.
Justification for diagnosis: The client presents with symptoms and behaviors that are consistent with the DSM-5 diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder. Based on the information provided, this client met criteria A, numbers 1, 2, 3, 6 and 7. She also met criteria B and C. Client presents with symptoms and behaviors that are consistent with a DSM-5 diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder as evidenced by her history of symptoms of conduct disorder that began in early adolescence and involves a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others are violated. These patterns of behavior have continued into adulthood.
2). In that case, Newsome and Gladding (2014) address the Diagnostic and Furthermore, Gonvalves, Dantas, and Banzato research that DSM-5 derived harsh criticism and considered secretive by serval authors (p.1). Additionally, they also established authors in the philosophy of psychiatry who underline the importance of values in psychiatric diagnosis, research, treatments, and classification within the manual (p. 2). Actually, Goncalves and colleagues (2016) detected a proposal which was termed Psychosis Risk Syndrome (PRS). Before the DSM-5 was prepared, the Psychotic Disorders Work Group created the PRS proposal as a placeholder for the high-risk disorders (Goncalves, Dantas, & Banzato, 2016, p.2). Yet, the PRS was criticized as premature and confusing
Because there was none, she became the first person to conduct a study on hoarding disorder. The study provided the first hoarding picture and also established that hoarding can run in families. A few years after this research began; two Smith students published the first theoretical account of hoarding that outlines the three dimensions of hoarding: clutter, excessive acquisitions, and difficulty discarding. Continued research about hoarding includes genetics, phenomenology, epidemiology, neuroimaging, and also how hoarding is shown in children and elders. Several Smith College students since 1993 have co- authored scientific papers on hoarding. In 2013, in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or DSM for short, hoarding became an official mental disorder. It was considered a mental health disorder before but only a subtype of OCD. Now, because of the abundance of research that has been done and the studies that show people who display hoarding disorder had no other symptoms of OCD; hoarding has accumulated its own section in DSM.
What is your overall impression of the DSM-5 manual? The DSM has a lot of information pertaining to different and similar disorders. The DSM includes diagnostic criteria for mental disorders. The DSM has set criteria defined by experts for clinicians to make a diagnosis. The purpose of revising the DSM-5 was to improve diagnoses, treatment, and research. I am very impressed with the DSM-5. There are some conditions in the manual that I would have never thought were possible. However, they still have criteria and z codes to meet that diagnosis. Also, I am impressed that there are so many subtypes of disorders. For example, there are so many types of neurocognitive disorders listed in the DSM. A few of the neurocognitive disorders listed include NCD due to traumatic brain injury, HIV infection, Huntington's disease, another medical condition, and unspecified neurocognitive disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
The diagnosis of the character based upon the DSM-5 would be Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013a), the diagnostic criteria are perpetual deficiency in social communication and interaction across many contexts and by the following: 1. deficiency in social-emotional exchange of all ranges from abnormal to lack of normal conversation, 2. deficiency in communicative behaviors that are used for social interaction ranging from lack of verbal and nonverbal communication; to abnormal eye contact, body language and lack of facial expressions and 3. Not being able to develop, keep or comprehend relationships ranging from difficulties adjusting to new people to no interest in your peers. All three
Abstract The phenomeon known as hoarding has gained public recognition propelled by A&E popular television show known as Hoarders. These graphic scenes provided an insight on the OCD disorder and the affliction it had on people lives. This literature review examines on approach to finding out if hoarding is taught or
One of the controversies in development of DSM-5 that is captured in the reading is the expansion of diagnostic disorder that came to be dubbed as diagnostic inflation. The word inflation means there was minimal consideration of the consequences of adding the new disorders. This is clearly captured in the
Introduction While reviewing the article Diagnosing for Status and Money, Summary of the Critique of the DSM, a few things seemed to jump off the page. The DSM-5 while a well written and no longer intimidating to me appears to have a slant towards managed care organizations vice actual counselors.
Before answering the question we need to understand what DSM-5 is it is shortened from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Of mental Disorders and the five shows how much it has changed over the years. This classification wouldn’t be possible without Emil Krapelin who developed the first modern classification system for abnormal behavior which helped form the first DSM. The DSM-5 list approximately 400 mental disorders each one explains the criteria for diagnosing the disorder and key clinical features and sometimes describes features that are often times not related to the disorder. The classification is further explained by the back ground information such as: research finds, age, culture, gender trends, and each disorder’s prevalence, risk, course, complications predisposing factors, and family patterns. The DSM-5 is the only one of the editions that seeks both categorical and dimensional information as part of the diagnosis, rather than categorical information alone (Comer, 2013, pp.100). Now that we know what DSM-5 is we need to know what categorical information and dimensional information mean. Categorical information refers to the name of the disorder indicated by the patient’s symptoms. An example of this would be when a clinician must decide if a patient is showing