Wal Mart And Its Impact On The United States

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In just over half a century Wal-Mart’s global reach had gone from just one store all the way to 11,450 stores in 27 countries. This is one way of saying that Wal-Mart is a multinational company and that its globalisation is only limited by its host’s country. The current increase in globalisation has accelerated due to the rapid growth of multinational companies such as Wal-Mart. Multinational companies operate in more than one country outside of its originating country. Due to the vast sizes of most MNC local communities are developed by the creation of jobs and increasing community wealth. The growth strategy of MNC have positive and negative effects on the host countries economy via the reduction in market and production costs and increasing technology and efficiency. The largest down fall is from the competitor stand point as most MNC will put surrounding store owners out of business. Wal-Mart is currently if not the world largest MNC and throughout this discussion I will critically discuss the cost and benefits likely to have occurred as a result of its takeover of Asda. Wal-Mart began operations in 1962 which quickly dominated the American market and then internationally by 1991 opening Sam’s Club a subsidiary company in Mexico. Within the next 10 years Wal-Mart expanded its global reach to China, Uniting Kingdom and Europe creating its global empire. Wal-Mart currently employs 2.2 million associates around the world and has over 5000 stores in America which is the
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