Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. V. Dukes

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The name of the case Wal-Mart Stores, INC. v. Dukes ET. AL. in the United States. The case suits to the research question, which is about discrimination. Wal-Mart v. Dukes was a United States Supreme Court case. The appeal of the case was done in the Ninth Circuit's Court. Firstly, Dukes v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. case, in which the Supreme Court canceled the district court's decision, then, it was convinced that the lawsuit included more than million women as the plaintiffs, who presently work or have worked for Wal-Mart, and the main plaintiff Betty Dukes.

In this case, Betty Dukes, a female Wal-Mart employee, with five other women, filed a class-action against the violation of civil rights by the Wal-Mart company. The claim was that the
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However, Wal-Mart appealed this decision to Court of Appeals. A panel of three judges of the Ninth Circuit confirmed the district court's class certification (plaintiff) in 2007. However, Wal-Mart was not satisfied with court`s decision and sued for a rehearing, claiming that the judges committed a legal mistake in classifying the action certification. The Ninth Circuit panel recalled its primary decision and issued a following, replacing opinion, which still allowed the class certification. In 2009, the Ninth Circuit provided Wal-Mart a rehearing for the previous court`s decision. As a result, Ninth Circuit opinion was no longer effective. Supreme Court agreed to hear Wal-Mart's appeal as Wal-Mart v. Dukes. Eventually, the Supreme Court made its decision in Wal-Mart's favor on June 20, 2011 by saying that the million plaintiffs did not have enough in common to base a class (a group of several people, who sued the case). The Court ruled unanimously that because of the changeability of plaintiffs' circumstances, the class action could not proceed as comprised. Critics of the opinion allege that the decision makes it incredibly difficult to certify a class without a prohibitive amount of work on the part of plaintiff attorneys. The requirement to look through the class to the merits requires an immense amount of discovery, which was not previously
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