`` Walls Of Jericho ``

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“These places therefore are no longer mine but theirs. Not that I’m barred, any more than they were seven or eight years ago. But the complexion of the place is theirs, not mine. I? Why, I am actually stared at, I frequently feel uncomfortable and out of place, and when I go out on the floor to dance I am lost in a sea of white faces…Time was when white people went to Negro cabarets to see how Negroes acted; now Negroes go to these same cabarets to see how white people act.” African-American physician, radiologist, musician and novelist Rudolph Fisher was coupled with the Harlem Renaissance, whose fiction credibly illustrated black urban life, particularly in Harlem. In his first novel, Walls of Jericho, Fisher humorously and satirically presented a hopeful vision that African American men could get ahead in the urban north if they united to overcome distrust bred by spans of oppression. World War I shaped a transformation for African Americans from the “old” to the “new”, also known during that time period as The New Negro Movement. Thousands relocated from the rural South to the industrial North, following a vision of social and economic opportunity. This movement of the 1920s promoted a rehabilitated sense of “racial pride, cultural self-expression, economic independence, and progressive politics.” Described within Rudolph Fisher’s article The Caucasian Storms Harlem, The New Negro Movement appeared during a time heavily saturated by jazz, which was significant to not

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