Walmart : The Largest Trans / Multinational Corporation

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This paper will answer the question of what it means to be a trans/multinational corporation in the 21st century. Walmart is the corporation that will be the focus of this paper. Through examining case studies and expert business analyses of Walmart, this paper will identify what the company sells, where the facilities located, and refer to aspects of capital, labor, and markets of it is final product. Also, this paper will examine the social costs or externalities produced by a multinational corporation such as Walmart. Walmart was chosen for this essay because it is one of the largest trans/multinational corporations in the world. There have been many business analyses conducted on Walmart that focus on its factors of production and this paper will compile information from these analyses.

An Introduction to Walmart
Walmart is a multinational corporation with 11,000 retail locations located in 27 countries and is the largest retailer in the world. With over 2.2 million employees, Walmart is the also largest employer in United States the world. The history of Walmart dates back to 1962 when founder Sam Walton opened the first Walmart store in Rogers, Arkansas. By the late 1960s, total sales were over $12 million with 24 Walmart stores spread across Arkansas (Riffel, 2014). “By the end of the 1970s, Wal-Mart had expanded into a number of different services in its stores—selling pharmaceuticals, adding auto service centers, and introducing jewelry divisions.

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