War Against The Weak : Eugenics And America 's Campaign

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Starting in the late 19th century, American philosophers, theorists, and scientists began experimenting and theorizing the idea of eugenics. Derived from Darwinian theories and the extensive works of Gregor Mendel, eugenics is known as a set of practices aimed at enhancing the human genome into sameness. Edwin Black’s “War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race” looks at the horrific background of eugenics, the ones who supported it, and the twisted ends it came to. This source, along with the two others, brings light to the awful means pursued to obtain a brilliant, but illogical and immoral goal of sameness. Overall, a negative vibe is shown through these sources. Although he saw brilliance in the idea…show more content…
The writers of these sources are acting as mediums between the history and the audience. The role of the author is to inform the readers about eugenics: what it was, where it took place, and what happened. The writers intended audience are students and adults who are interested in learning about a nation’s dark history of eugenics and how it presumably began the Holocaust, or readers who are ignorant to what eugenics is and wants to find out more. The intended purpose is to inform the audience of the origins of eugenics coming from Darwin’s theory of evolution and Mendel’s work on genetics; survival of the fittest through genetic heritage. In order to persuade readers of the negative connotation on eugenics, Black used precise language to set his desired tone. Such as, “Tragically, many respected American physicians, scientists, academics, and philanthropists bought into this notion” (Black). By using the word tragically the reader is able to pick up that he did not find this to be a good thing. All three sources are written from the historical nonfiction genre, and because of this there is no room left for interpretation; facts are simply facts and there is no changing that. Black is presumed to be rather knowledgeable on the topic, and fair in the fact that he credits Francis Galton, the man that coined the term eugenics, with a brilliant theory. But it is just that, a theory. He stands ethically
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