War And The Cold War

1879 WordsJul 9, 20158 Pages
Despite the high costs of war both in monetary value and in terms of potential life and infrastructure lost states and their actors despite their supposed rationality still seek war at times. Sometimes war is unavoidable given the situations that actors find themselves in. States prior to war will attempt several options such as bargaining and it is that failure in bargaining that tends to result in conflict or war. Especially following the events of the Cold War numerous scholars have given their reasons as to why conflict is sometimes beyond prevention. War is described as an actual widespread and deliberate armed conflict between political communities. Following the Second World War and the Cold War, interstate war is mostly rare…show more content…
This failure in bargaining is a study on its own. For instance in the process of bargaining many states find it difficult to trust their rivals because of the potential for incomplete information. Often, actors will strategically misrepresent information as a means to extract certain demands when actors cannot reliably trust in who they are bargaining with. This distrust between actors also leads to commitment problems. In situations when there is a potential power shift and goods could potentially be exchanged or divided there is concern over what could possibly alter in the future. Power changes such as this can lead to preventive war or attempts at first strikes which is when one actor might seek action as a means to prevent war or to have an early advantage. Often the neutrality of outside actors is necessary for bargaining to succeed or to prevent one side from future exploits. Furthermore, intrastate conflict which is often ethnic conflict has a greater tie to territory and resources. Things like territory for an ethnic groups has specific relation to identity likewise for the state territory in the resources that come for it are their sign of power. This makes territory an indivisible good that cannot be divided unless one actor suffers a significant loss making war almost inevitable because conflict becomes all or nothing. However, some literature rebuffs ideas that conflict is unavoidable by presenting evidence of how actors irrational behavior can be
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