War, Disobedience And Provision From Judges And Carries Them Forward Through God

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1 Samuel picks up the theme of war, disobedience and provision from Judges and carries them forward through God’s use of Samuel and Saul. God used them to bring Israel victory over their oppressors despite Israel’s continued disobedience. Through his provision of the judges, victories and kings, God displayed his omnipotence over the Israelites. Since these themes are carried over throughout Judges and 1 Samuel, God is shown to be the same God over his people.
From the start of Judges, war is a prevalent theme. This theme is present in the first verse when the Israelites asked, “Who shall go… against the Canaanites to fight against them?” Time and time again the Lord raised up judges to deliver Israel from the oppression they faced. Even Gideon was referred to by God as a “mighty warrior’’ in chapter 6. Similar to the judges, Samuel was called by God to deliver the people. According to the New Oxford Annotated Bible, Samuel is depicted as a transitional figure leading up to the king the people asked for. Saul was appointed the king despite God’s warning that, “he will appoint for himself commanders of thousands…to make his implements of war and the equipment of his chariots” in chapter 8. Saul’s reign continued the theme of war present in Judges and 1 Samuel. The Philistines were still a strong force to be reckoned with. The Israelites were humbled when “defeated by the Philistines.” As a result, they went back to their roots, the Ark of the Covenant. God used the Ark to

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