War and the Centralization of Power Essays

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The real underlying cause of the Civil War is one that has remained unresolved since the Revolution, nearly one hundred years earlier, namely the question of sovereignty and the right of each individual state to govern itself as the people saw best fit. Before the Revolution, each of the original thirteen states had been a colony administered by locally elected council and a royal government (Bridenbaugh 131). They were all different in climate, outlook, character, and even religion. One thing united them all, a growing resentment for rule from London (Bridenbaugh 66). In 1774, each colony sent delegates to a Continental Congress in Philadelphia to discuss their response to the British "Intolerable Acts." A bitter struggle followed that…show more content…
The Civil War was the bloodiest conflict in American history. The amount of dead made an impact on the nation, “the United States would develop a new relationship with death in a national sense, because of the pension system, the reburial system, the bureaucracy of death that would transform the nature of the federal government. So it would become a different nation a stronger, more centralized nation with more responsibilities partly because of taking on these obligations that would grow out of Civil War death” (Faust 241). This idea that the national government is responsible for the lives of its citizens expanded into the government taking numerous responsibilities, such as taxes and militia, into their own hands and out of the states. The War Department organized the U.S. Sanitary Commission during the civil war which later developed veteran and public health programs. In 1865, the Freedman’s Bureau established the first federal welfare agency. Although, the program only lasted for four years, it managed to aid a large number of displaced people and help establish a new non-slave economy in the South. “Its promise of land reform and the spread of landownership to former slaves was never realized, but its contributions in relief and education were substantial” (Trattner 89). President Abraham Lincoln would come under fire for many of his war time policies, the biggest: Emancipation Proclamation and the
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