Essay on Warfare and its Psychological Impact

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Warfare and its Psychological Impact

Warfare causes many people to suffer from psychological problems. Many times, these problems come in the form of mental illness. According to the DSM-VI, which is the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a mental disorder is "a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that's associated with current distress (a painful symptom) or disability (impairment in one or more important areas of functioning) or with a significantly greater risk of suffering, death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom. This syndrome or pattern mustn't be merely an expected, culturally sanctioned response such as grief over the death of a
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There are some times when war is the only option, but this is not always the case. Therefore, we should be more resistant to war. Our new resistance to war will provide a more psychologically healthy environment.

Those most affected psychologically are those who have fought in war. Traumatic experiences during war often create psychological problems such as survivor's guilt and guilt from killing others; another psychological problem that war creates is PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder). Another group that is seriously affected by war is the loved ones of those killed or missing in action have to deal with their traumatic death. When a soldier comes home their families may have to deal with the added stress of having a husband, son or father with PTSD, a drug abuse problem or alcohol addiction. Dealing with their loved one's problems can cause friends and family members of the veteran to develop their own psychological problems. For example, stress can cause depression. Lastly, a whole society is psychologically injured by war. Some of the issues at this level include: dehumanization, desensitization, and distortion.


The psychological effects of war occur partly because killing is not a normal phenomenon. The sheer number of combatants who become psychological casualties illustrates the fact that killing is not normal to the human race. Statistics show
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