Was World War Ii Inevitable in 1939?

3066 Words Apr 13th, 2008 13 Pages
Was World War II inevitable in 1939?

In the early hours of the 1st September 1939 German forces invaded Poland. 21 years after the end of World War I, the world had to face the beginning of another world war that should last 6 years. World War II was one of the most disastrous events in human history causing approximately 60 million deaths and destruction almost all over the globe (msn Encarta 2008). Winston Churchill wrote in the preface of his book about World War II (The Gathering Storm):

“One day President Roosevelt told me that he was asking publicly for suggestions about what the war should be called. I said at once "The Unnecessary War." There never was a war more easy to stop than that which has just wrecked what was left of
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In 1934, Germany and Poland signed a non-aggression pact, which was meant to exclude Poland from the French System of alliances.
Together with the Treaty of Versailles, the League of Nations was established, with the aims of “disarmament,; preventing war through collective security,; settling disputes between countries through negotiation and diplomacy; and improving global welfare.”(wikipedia 2008)
When Japan invaded Manchuria in 1933 and left the League of Nations without any negative consequences, Germany felt that they could increase their revisionist pressure.
When Britain and France refused to allow immediate military equality for Germany during the Geneva Disarmament Conference, Germany ceased the negotiations and left the League of Nations. This step led to international isolation, but clever propaganda and reassurance of peace in form of different bilateral treaties managed to reduce it.
However, a further breach of the Treaty of Versailles took place in March 1935, when the compulsory military service was re-established.
In reaction Great Britain, France and Italy formed the “Stresa Front” and threatened Germany to use the interventions which were provided by the Treaty of Locarno in order to bind Germany to its obligations. But Mussolini’s expansionist tendencies in Abyssinia and the British policy to control Hitler by concessions led to
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