Essay about Water Crisis

1493 Words 6 Pages
Water Crisis
Western water consumption has spiraled out of control. The average American house uses about 300 gallons of water a day (Green). According to United Nations Development Programme, “An American taking a five-minute shower uses more water than the average person in a developing country slum uses for an entire day.”(Green) Women in western countries have it easy compared to those in developing countries who “spend 200 million hours a day collecting water for domestic use” (Green). WHO/UNICEF estimates the manpower equivalency to building 28 Empire State buildings each day. Surveys from 45 developing countries show that women and children bear the primary responsibility for water collection in the majority of households
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These same families and countries are producing the developing world’s products. Why is it that we are continually allowing big businesses to exploit the developing countries while they are sitting on their high horses racking up the wealth? In the mean time millions are dying from inadequate access to clean water, being exploited in the workforce, while corrupt governments and lack of infrastructure and other opportunities force them to work as a means to an end. While we blindly support many of these organizations and companies, in turn fueling this deadly cycle.
Of the 60 million people added to the world's towns and cities every year, most move to informal settlements (i.e. slums) with no sanitation facilities (Water Cooperation). According to WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, “more people have a mobile phone than a toilet” (Water Cooperation). The average toilet uses 8 liters of clean water in a single flush. “Half of the world’s schools do not have access to clean water, nor adequate sanitation. 443 million school days are lost each year due to water related illness” (Scott). UN Water concludes, “The people who lack access to water are not a homogeneously poor group, “Nearly 66% of people who lack safe drinking water live on less than $2 a day, while 33% live on less than $1 a day. People living in informal settlements often pay 5-10 times more per liter of water than wealthy people living in the same

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