Water Crisis in Pakistan

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1. Pakistan has been blessed with abandoned water resources, with water flowing down from Himalayas and Karakorum, the world’s largest glaciers, a unique bounty of nature. As a result of this natural resource today we have the world’s largest irrigation system that irrigates over 16 million hectors of land, out of 34 million hectors of cultivable land available.
2. Basically there are two major sources of water i.e surface and ground water. In surface water we have Indus Basin (it include Indus plains , Kabul , Astor , Jehlum , Chenab and Sutlej), Kharan Desert (it include Pishin lora , Baddo Rakshan Mashkhel ) and Makran coastal basin (it include Malir , Hub , Porali , Kud , Hingol , Dasht
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d. Industries related to the main crops like rice, wheat, cotton, sugarcane will also suffer in case of water shortage.
e. The distribution of water is controlled by IRSA (Indus River System Authority) between the provinces. The shortage of water will cause disputes between the provinces, which may cause harm to the national integrity.

ANALYSIS Pakistan is one of the poor countries of the world with a high rate of increase in the population. On the other hand the growth rate is decreasing due to water shortages. We will need to bring under our use additional lands for cultivation. Pakistan has already slided from water happy country to a water scarce country. This is going to be a cause of social and political riots, which are not at all good for the security of the country. So for overcoming the water crises following steps are recommended

The water strategy must be based upon two essential elements covering
• Water development
Water management
The water development strategy is largely based upon the construction of new storage reservoirs where as the water management strategy will help in reducing the present losses. In this regard we should start the construction of the following dams immediately:-
a. Chasha dam
b. Kalabagh dam
c. Thal reservoir
d. Raised Mangla dam
e. Mirani dam
f. Gomalzam dam In the water management we must chalk out a strategy, in this way we can save
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