Water Dams Essay examples

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Water Dams

Most dams are designed to accomplish a variety of functions, which include flood control, flat water recreation, hydropower electricity generation, and water supply. Although these seem like good reasons for the existence of dams, this type of constructions bring greater negative effects than good ones. The "environment effects of dams include loss of land and biological resources to inundation, reservoir sedimentation and downstream erosion, and hydrological changes unfavorable to many native or desirable species." Dams just strangle rivers and the perfect example of the damage dams cause to rivers is what is happening to the Mekong River in Asia.

The Mekong river covers more than 4500 kilometers through 6 countries. It
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These types of damages are being revaluated to see if the benefits of these dams are superior to the environmental and social costs. The Comision of The Mekon river, an organization which normally defends development in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam, said that "the ecosystem of the Mekong was deteriorating" and added: "If the current riddem of damage continues, the forests, the biodiversity, the existence of fish and quality of the soil will all be damaged to the point were recuperation will be impossible.

For some years now, many Asian countries have looked at the Mekong River as an opportunity to generate electricity and with this be able to develop faster. Being that most of the regions around the rive are poor governments have looked at the Mekong as a way to produce money. China and Laos in particular have argumented about the potential the river can give them.

China insists that the dams, created to give energy to cities in the province of Yunnan, wont damage the Mekong. And Beijing insists that the dams will be of benefit to countries south of the damn because it will equilibrate the flow of the river by controlling the quantities of water to be flown during droughts and flowd seasons. But people who oppose to this project ask what will happen if china is under a huge drought?

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