Water Holds Significant Value As It Is Heavily Incorporated

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Water holds significant value as it is heavily incorporated in religious practices, culture, and human survival; thus, certain populations become angered by the addition of impurities into water, impurities such as fluoride. The fluoride ion is a natural mineral stemming from soil, air, plants, animals and water supplies; therefore, people are exposed to small amounts of fluoride by breathing air, drinking water, and eating food. Additionally, fluoride is beneficial to human health as it strengthens enamel, strengthens bones, and prevents tooth decay (University of Toronto 6). However, the public has often opposed the addition of fluoride as it is rumored to be toxic, leading to degradation of immune systems, kidney failure, and fluorosis.…show more content…
This is because 50-80% of absorbed fluoride is eliminated from the kidney; therefore, making the kidney at risk for fluoride intoxication (exposure to excessive amounts of fluoride) resulting in kidney damage (Xiong et al. 2). In addition, Schiffl – a medical doctor specializing in nephrology - argued that the ingestion of fluoridated water by individuals with prior diagnosed kidney disorders are at higher risk of kidney damage: “chronic renal insufficiency are at an increased risk of chronic fluoride toxicity” (1).
The above research presents common dangers associated with fluoride; however, the research methods are not reflective of actual fluoride use in the general population. For instance, Xiong’s research used excessive amounts of fluoride on test subjects, ranging from 2.15-2.96mg/L and 3.15-5.69mg/L (Xiong et al. 4). In comparison, the past fluoride level in Calgary’s water system was limited to an optimal level of 0.7mg/L (City of Calgary, par. 5). Furthermore, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health stated, “to date, there no scientific evidence that exposure to fluoride at the levels found in optimally fluoridated water present any risk for the development of any disease processes” (University of Toronto 56). Therefore, Xiong’s research is at fault because the fluoride levels tested were not reflective of actual fluoride concentrations used in cities.
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