Water Pollution Act ( Clean Water Act )

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Iowa has been working for decades to protect and improve water quality; however, more can be done. Our suggested strategy is to direct efforts to reduce nutrients in surface water from both point and nonpoint sources in a scientific, reasonable, and cost-effective manner. Our proposal is prompted by the 1972 Federal Water Pollution Act (Clean Water Act) as well as the 2008 Gulf Hypoxia Action Plan. Both of these plan’s objectives are to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the nation’s waters by preventing point and nonpoint pollution sources and seek to provide assistance to publicly owned water treatment facilities. The 2008 Gulf Hypoxia Action Plan takes these goals one step further by calling Iowa and other states along the Mississippi River to develop strategies to reduce nutrient loadings to the Gulf of Mexico. Moreover, establishing that there needs to be at least a 45% reduction in total nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment loads in order for waters to be fishable and swimmable. Our proposal seeks to apply the guidelines in these bills to the Fourmile Creek watershed in Central Iowa in order to make the waters in ‘our backyard’ fishable and swimmable once again.
Floods are a natural part of Fourmile Creek’s ecology and have been occurring for thousands of years. Although floods periodically occur, in recent year’s flooding has been extensive and has affected many people living and working in the watershed. The floods of 2008

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