Water Scarcity And Water Pollution

2066 Words Nov 21st, 2014 9 Pages
A Basic Necessity
Introduction
The amount of available fresh water is very limited in Benin, Africa. Much of this is a result of under urbanization, at one end of the spectrum, and poor government and infrastructure, at the other end. The population of Benin is roughly 10,160,556. It is estimated that each individual produces about 77 pounds of excrement and 132 gallons of urine a year (George 2008). This is “waste” that is typically flushed down a toilet and into a sewer system. However, this is not the case in many of these communities. Many homes in this part of the world do not have the luxury of indoor plumbing or even a indoor toilet. These people must utilize fields for their means of eliminating human waste. It is astounding to think of the infinite uses of water, and the need that some countries have for it.
The current predicament Africa is facing is dealing with water scarcity and water pollution. So where do we go from here? Composting “Chemical” toilets or dry systems as they are sometimes known are waterless toilets that use microorganisms to break down human waste. While the story behind composting toilets has been around for a long time, the composting toilets of today have evolved to include a variety of features that make it even more appealing to these rural areas than a flushing toilet. Without any type of sewer system in place a flushing toilet is not seen to be placed in these homes in the near future. The point of a composting toilet is very clear;…
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