Water Scarcity Of Ethiopia And Water Sanitation

Decent Essays
On 28 July 2010 the human right to water was clearly accepted by the United Nations General Assembly. Clean drinking water are essential to the realization of all human rights were also been acknowledged (United Nations, 2014). The human right to water include five factors which are sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible and affordable (United Nations, 2014). However, in these five factors, sufficiency and safety are the top two serious issues which will be discussed in this report. Sufficiency means the water supply for a person, between 50 and 100 liters, must be enough and continuous (United Nations, 2014). And the water supply must meet the world Health Organization Guidelines for drinking water quality. This essay will discuss two major problems in two different countries which are water scarcity in Ethiopia and water sanitation in Kenya. Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world and is frequently suffer from famines and droughts. The total population of Ethiopia is about 89.9 million and 42.5 million people in Ethiopia unable to access to safe water (, 2015). In rural Ethiopia, people have to walk up to 6 hours to gather water from shallow, unsafe water pit which they share with livestock (, 2015). In the past 20 years, people in Ethiopia suffered from recurring droughts which mainly caused by the climate change. Ethiopia has experienced 5 major droughts since 1980 accompanied by many small areas droughts as well
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