Water and Human Rights by Barbara Johnston

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Barbara Johnston mentions in “Water and Human Rights” how dams are supposed to regulate water and make water more accessible for humans and their communities and project energy and economic goals. Yet, the building of dams has not done any of those following goals and has showed more of a decline than an increase in those areas (Johnston, 445). In addition, Johnston mentions how 60% of the rivers were dammed making an extreme impact on the extinction of 30% of the worlds freshwater fish (Johnston, 445). Other problems faced due to the dam construction other than extinction of freshwater fish would be the displacement and severe poverty of 80 million people around the world, majority being from indigenous and ethnic minorities (Johnston, 445). Another problem that is brought up by Johnston is the privatization of water and how water should not be privatized. Johnston mentions water is a human right and that when building dams the water is automatically privatized and the people who were displaced do not get any of the dam water, the water that they get is contaminated and not healthy for human living (Johnston, 449). This is happening and has happened in numerous countries, the ones that Johnston mentions, China, Turkey, Africa, and Chile, are just a few of them. Johnston agrees that the clean water from dams does some good for people, but the lack of distribution, the displacement, and extinction of animals/fish are negative effects seen when looking at everything

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