Water as a Source of Future Conflict in Sa

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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION "Fierce competition for fresh water may well become a source of conflict and wars in the future." - Kofi Annan, former U.N. Secretary-General in 2001 Background of the Study 1. Water is directly related with the survival of human kind and it is crucial unlike other resources, because it does not have choices and alternatives. As a consequence of global warming and pollution, importance of water has increased much. Some "2 billion people” already lack water supplies. Water use has risen six-fold over the past 70 years. By 2050, it is estimated that 4.2 billion people live in countries that cannot meet people’s daily basis needs. South Asia is a region of water abundance and scarcity. “Issues concerning water…show more content…
As global claim for water swell up but utilizable freshwater resources reduce, several research have been carried out to imply that water shortage is and will be a chief basis of armed conflict; but little methodical research has examined this theme from a national security perspective i.e. the militarization of the river claim. 7. While taking SA into consideration, the most important and abundant factor for the development is water. This factor is thus regarded as a very crucial in keeping the relation between the countries. However understanding and peaceful the countries may seem, the water factor has been affecting the inter-state relationships now and will be doing the same in the future in an ever increasing fashion. The ups and downs in the relationship are sure to result in the armed conflict as the water resources being the only cause. Accounting to the issues of water; this research paper focuses in the security issues and the interrelated political situation caused by the water resources of the river basin of the SA. 8. At the same time as water resources in the SA are central in the improvement of bilateral and multilateral regional relations, the consistent politics of water resources and security issues have historically inclined regional politics and ensuing armed conflicts, and will persist to do so in the future. Furthermore, water is

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