Water for Africa: Managing the Vital Liquid for Life and Preservation

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Water for Africa Water is the most important element on the planet. Not only is it important for the earth, in general, but it is key to our survival. Leonardo Da Vinci has said, "Water is the driving force of all nature" (Roberts). It is the building block of life. The average person can survive about a week without water (Ogunjimi). Lack of water is increasing worldwide, but Africa is currently affected the most. It is the second driest out of the 7 continents, following Australia ( ). Africa's water crisis is not solely based on the scarcity, but also the contamination of water and what actions can be taken towards the dilemma. As the climate steadily becomes more dry and warm, there is less water for the ever-increasing world…show more content…
The Vaal River located there, a frequently visited tourist destination, is progressively becoming polluted. Sewage is affecting the wildlife in the river. This lack of sanitation is causing fish to die; even to the point where they have hauled 20 tons from the Vaal. HIV or AIDS are not the only things plaguing the African people. These diseases have caused many to die, but what most people don’t realize is that the lack and contamination of water is one of the leading causes of death. Millions of African’s die every year. Throughout the world “780 million people lack access to an improved water source; approximately one in nine people.” (UNICEF). Children are being affected the most, however. "Lack of access to clean water and sanitation kills children at a rate equivalent of a jumbo jet crashing every four hours." (UNICEF). Without pure water children across the globe are contracting diarrhoea. Surprisingly, "Diarrhoea remains the second leading cause of death among children under five globally. Nearly one in five child deaths- about 1.5 million each year- is due to diarrhoea. It kills more young children than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined." (WHO 9). This is one of the reasons why the crisis on water and sanitation has claimed more lives, through disease, than any war has claimed on guns (UNDP). While third world countries struggle, those living in developed countries take advantage of water. We have fresh water at our

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