Watson's Theory of Caring

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Watson’s Theory of Caring Jane A. Festejo University of Phoenix NUR/403: Theories and Models in Nursing Practice July 29, 2010 Vicki Grosdidier, RN, MSN, CNM Watson’s Theory of Caring Many nursing scholars have developed theories on caring not only because it is essential to the profession of nursing, but because it is a universal phenomenon that influences how every human being thinks, feels, and behaves. Unfortunately, due to the hectic and fast-paced health care environment in today’s world, the opportunity to develop an interpersonal and therapeutic relationship with the patient is often pushed aside by the demands of treating the disease itself rather than the patient as a mind, body, and spirit. Little time is often left…show more content…
The term “carative” is used in contrast with “curative” to differentiate between nursing and medicine. Whereas “curative” factors are aimed at “curing” the disease through procedures, tasks, treatments, and technology, “carative” factors are aimed at the sacred and spiritual dimensions of caring that potentiate the healing process. As Watson’s theory continued to evolve, the carative factors were expanded and replaced by “clinical caritas processes.” From the Greek vocabulary, “caritas” means to “cherish, appreciate, and give special attention” (Alligood, 2010). These processes provides nurses with a structure for the science of caring. In 2007, Watson refined the Ten Carative Caritas Processes (CCP) as follows: 1) Embrace altruistic values and practice loving kindness with self and other. 2) Instill faith and hope and honor others. 3) Be sensitive to self and other by nurturing individual beliefs and practices. 4) Develop helping-trusting-caring relationships. 5) Promote and accept positive and negative feelings as you authentically listen to another’s story 6) Use creative scientific-solving methods for caring decision making. 7) Share teaching and learning that addresses the individual needs and comprehension styles. 8) Create a healing environment for the physical and spiritual self which respects human dignity. 9) Assist with basic physical, emotional, and spiritual human needs. 10) Open to

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