Week 13 Solutions

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Week 13 Solutions

Chapter 19

14. WACC – Table 19.4 shows a simplified balance sheet for Rensselaer Felt. Calculate this company’s weighted-average cost of capital. The debt has just been refinanced at an interest rate of 6% (short term) and 8% (long term). The expected rate of return on the company’s shares is 15%. There are 7.46 million shares outstanding, and the shares are trading at $46. The tax rate is 35%.

We make three adjustments to the balance sheet:
Ignore deferred taxes; this is an accounting entry and represents neither a liability nor a source of funds.
“Net out” accounts payable against current assets.
Use the market value of equity (7.46 million x $46).

Now the right-hand side of the balance sheet (in thousands) is:
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The immediate source of funds (i.e., both the proportion borrowed and the expected return on the stocks sold) is irrelevant. The project would not be any more valuable if the university sold stocks offering a lower return. If borrowing is a zero-NPV activity for a tax-exempt university, then base-case NPV equals APV, and the adjusted cost of capital r* equals the opportunity cost of capital with all-equity financing. Here, base-case NPV is negative; the university should not invest.

21. Issue cost and APV – The Bunsen Chemical Company is currently at its target debt ratio of 40%. It is contemplating a $1 million expansion of its existing business. This expansion is expected to produce a cash inflow of $130,000 a year in perpetuity.

The company is uncertain whether to undertake this expansion and how to finance it. The two options are a $1 million issue of common stock or a $1 million issue of 20-year debt. The flotation costs of a stock issue would be around 5% of the amount raised, and the flotation costs of a debt issue would be around 1½%.

Bunsen’s financial manager, Ms. Polly Ethylene, estimates that the required return on the company’s equity is 14%, but she argues that the flotation costs increase the cost of new equity to 19%. On this basis, the project does not appear viable.

On the other hand, she points out that the company can raise new debt on a 7% yield, which would make the cost of new debt 8½%. She therefore

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