Week One Study Guide Anatomy and Physiology Essay

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1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology, and explain their relationship using an example of a human structure with its corresponding function. Anatomy: The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other organisms, esp. as revealed by dissection. Physiology: The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts. Anatomy and physiology are connected in the way of not being able to understand one without the other. For example, to understand your lungs functions of breathing through physiology, you have to understand the parts and structure of them (anatomy) such as the bronchial tree and
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8. Define various directional terms (i.e. superior, inferior, etc.), and compare different body parts using these terms (i.e. the elbow is proximal to the wrist). Anterior: (In front of, front) The toes are anterior to the heel when you look straight at a body. Posterior: (After, behind, following, toward the rear) The lungs are posterior to the ribcage. Distal: (Away from, farther from the origin) The skull is distal from the pelvic bone. Proximal: (Near, closer to the origin) The nose is proximal to the mouth. Dorsal: (Near the upper surface, toward the back) Your spine is dorsal. Ventral: (Toward the bottom, toward the belly) The intestines have a ventral location. Superior: (Above, over) The elbow is superior to the pelvic bone. Inferior: (Below, under) The femur is inferior to the ribcage. Lateral: (Toward the side, away from the mid-line) The ribs are lateral. Medial: (Toward the mid-line, middle, away from the side) Your sternum is medial. Rostral: (Toward the front) Toes are rostral. Caudal: (Toward the back, toward the tail) Your tailbone is caudal.

9. List both anterior and posterior anatomical landmarks (i.e. orbital, inguinal, etc.). Anterior: Cervical, coxal, digital, femoral, fibular, inguinal, etc Posterior: popliteal, cephalic,
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