Welfare And Health Care Reform

1527 Words7 Pages
Chapter 17 of the textbook We the People: An Introduction to American Politics covers the topic of social policy. The two main issues of social policy in today’s society are welfare and health care reform. They are considered the main issues because they require the most government spending, and are the two most controversial and debated parts of social policy in America. America has always had some sort of welfare state. Before the Great Depression, a time of great economic hardship in this country, local governments, churches and private charities were in charge of caring for the poor. People had a choice to help or not to help the poor. The federal government did very little. At this time, there were two groups or classes of poor people: the deserving poor and the undeserving poor. Society said the deserving poor were widows, orphans, and those that were disabled. The undeserving poor were those who just did not want to work. When the Great Depression began in 1929, everybody was having a hard time. At this time, the people saw a need for public assistance. In turn, under President Roosevelt, the Social Security Act of 1935 was passed. This Act began Social Security or the government funding of welfare. There are two types of welfare: contributory or noncontributory. Contributory programs are financed by income taxes also called forced savings. With contributory programs, the people have no choice. They have to contribute to their own possible
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