Wernher von Braun, a famous scientist, engineer. Von Braun helped make the first American satellite, in the Great Space Race. Von Braun worked first in Germany for the Space program, then in America; he would retried later in life.
Robert Goddard is known as the first rocket scientist to successfully propel a rocket using liquid fuel. He was born in Worcester, Massachusetts on October 5, 1882. Through Goddard’s childhood, he was interested in science. “Interested in science as a child, Goddard became intrigued by space after reading H. G. Wells' science fiction novel, "The War of the Worlds."” (American Father of Rocketry). Goddard’s parents had also encouraged him in the subject of science. “Robert was the son of a traveling salesman who also dabbled at inventing, and both parents encouraged their son's interest in science.” (The Father of Modern Rocketry) Goddard went to Worcester Polytechnic Institute for his degree in science. “Goddard enrolled as a student at Worcester
One of Nasa’s long term goals is to space travel to mars. A man named Wernher Von Braun was one of the most influential figures to Nasa in the 1960’s. Von Braun helped Nasa put a man in orbit and contributed to technology of rockets. Von Braun used to work for the Natziz until America captured him and he agreed to be in the space program.
I decided that for my project i would research Wernher von Braun. The reason i chose him was because of his development of missiles and rockets for the United States of America and Germany. He boosted the efforts of the Americans during the cold war with the Soviet Union and became the first head of the National Aviation and Space Administration. This is important to us in aviation because he helped to propel American aviation to new heights with technology developed during the space race.
Not only did he distinguished himself as a great scientist by not pursuing academic credentials but he also inspired a new generation of rocket scientist by making astronautics and rocketry known through his book ‘By Rocket into Planetary space’. He advanced and changed rocketry through his works and concepts of space travel, this gained him the title of the German father of rocketry and astronautics. Oberth’s impact and influence is memorialised by the Herman Oberth Space Travel Museum as well as the Herman Oberth Society which are carrying on his work in space exploration and rocketry. Oberths works where so influential he got a “concept named after him called ‘The Oberth effect’ its when a rocket engine is traveling at high speed it generates more useful energy than one travelling at a low
In 1898, a Russian educationist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, suggested the idea of space exploration by rocket. In a report published in 1903, Tsiolkovsky recommended the use of liquid propellants for rockets in order to achieve greater range. Tsiolkovsky stated that the exhaust velocity of escaping gases limited the speed and range of a rocket. Early in the 20th century, an American, Robert H. Goddard, conducted practical experiments in rocketry. He organized a mathematical analysis that we now call the meteorological sounding rocket. Goddard reached several results important to rocketry. At the time, most people falsely believed that the presence of air was necessary for a rocket to push against. Goddard also stated that multi stage rockets were the answer to achieving high altitudes and that the velocity needed to escape Earth's gravity could be achieved in this way.
Ernest Rutherford managed to win the Nobel Prize in chemistry. He was one of the few laureates in history that managed to win the award alone, not sharing it with another laureate nominee. Ernest Rutherford was presented with the Nobel prize in chemistry in the year of 1908. He ultimately won the prize for his investigations into the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances. Others had won the nobel for chemistry like Michael Levitt, Eric betzig, and Stefan Hell. But none of those winners had as much of a significant impact on the science world like Ernest Rutherford.
The earliest sightings of the Space Race was during the 1930s in the last stages of the Weimar Republic. The Germans produced a ballistic missile (V2) that could travel at 4000 km/h and a 320 km range. The Germans used this to destroy several cities under the Allie’s territory. After the war ended the Allies tried to capture German Rocket Scientists to improve their technology. This resulted in all of them having the V2 ballistic missile which was the foundation for the first Russian and American Rockets. The race for prestige in spaceflight it was now a threat and advancement for national security which resulted in the science and technology departments coming under the influence of the federal government. The world was divided into two parts,
In her book Breaking the Chains of Gravity, Amy Shira Teitel describes the story of spaceflight before NASA. This book is essentially a historical telling of the events that led to the formation of NASA. Teitel focuses on key figures such Wernher von Braun, Max Valier, and many more, all of whom contributed to the science of rocketry from 1930 to 1958. The story begins following them in the early days of rocket tests. Teitel covers the tension between the Vanguard and Redstone rocket systems used to launch the first U.S. satellite. In her book, Teitel also discusses other fields related to spaceflight, such as advances in hypersonic flight with X-1 plane flown by Chuck Yeager, the effects of high altitudes and speeds on the human body, and
The United States’ top brass that were involved in making the critical decisions of what satellite and rocketry projects were to received top priority, and including funding, made a huge error by not giving priority to Werner von Braun’s Jupiter missile project, von Braun was very close to building a functional rocket that could carry a satellite into space by 1956.
On the cold and misty morning of October 3rd, 1942 Wernher Von Braun and his team at the remote baltic island of Peenemunde stood around a launch console from their safety bunker looking upon the apex of their years of engineering. For years the team at Peenemunde, under the direct orders of the Führer himself labored building the most technologically advanced weapon system ever devised, in an operation rivaling the scale of the Manhattan project. For years the RAF under the command of “Bomber" Harris
Von Ohain earned his doctorate at the university of Göttingen in Germany, which would prove to be useful as it would land him the job that would land him in the history books. Ernst Heinkel was a German scientist looking for a way to create a new attack plane for the German military, and Von Ohain had a very specific skill set that would allow him to aid in the invention of the modern jet aircraft. Hons had studied thermo and aerodynamics at university and it had given him an advantage over anyone else in his field, so in 1936 one of his colleges recommended him to Ernst Heinkel for his jet-engine project. Although most of the proceedings for the next three years were carried out in secret we do know some things about what went on during their experiments. Unfortunately for the Germans, a British scientist named Frank Whittle had also been working in secret on a functional jet-engine and in 1930 had received a patent for his jet engine. Most do not consider him the inventor of the jet engine because although his patent was widely accepted he did not run a bench test until almost 1940. The Germans were already six years behind some of the most cutting edge technology ever created, but Ernst
Their discovery of the radioactive isotopes composed and important step toward the solution of the problem of releasing the energy of the atom, using neutrons instead of alpha particles for the bombardments which led to the fission of
In order to truly understand space exploration, it is crucial to have a strong and accurate sense of background knowledge of the space race. The foundation of rocketry was built by Wernher Von Braun. Von Braun was the inventor of the rocket and the world’s first ballistic missile - the V-2 (The Hunt). In 1932, he tested his rocket in front of the military, only to have it fail (Bellis). Over time he was able to design and construct rockets that were able to function, like the previously mentioned V-2 rocket. The V-2 was an extremely deadly rocket; it travelled at 2,386 miles per hour with its load of one ton of high explosive (Trueman). The rockets were later used in World War Two. “About 1000 V2’s
After years of progress, Sergei Korolev officially became known as “Father of the Soviet Union’s Success in Space.”