West African Senior School Certificate Examination Agricultural Science

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WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (For candidates in The Gambia, Nigeria and Sierra-Leone only) PREAMBLE This syllabus has been designed to portray Agricultural Science as an applied science with emphasis on the acquisition of knowledge and skills associated with the content. A general review of the Junior Secondary School Agricultural Science Syllabus is presumed. Candidates will be expected to answer questions on all the topics set out in the column headed syllabus. The notes therein are intended to indicate the scope of the questions which will be set, but they are not to be considered as an exhaustive list of limitations and illustrations. Schools must keep school farms where crops are grown with…show more content…
3. (a) Roles of Government in agricultural production: providing loans, credits and subsidies. (b) Role of nongovernmental 19 Discussion should include roles of the government, Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE organisations. private farmers etc. B. AGRICULTURAL ECOLOGY 1. Land and its Uses (a) Uses of land for agricultural and non-agricultural purposes: Uses of land for agriculture, forestry and wildlife conservation. (b) Factors affecting land availability and use: (i) Physical factors e.g., soil type, topography etc., (ii) Socio-economic factors e.g., population pressure. 2. Environmental factors affecting agricultural production: (a) Climatic factors: rainfall, temperature, light and wind. (b) Biotic factors: predators, parasites, soil microorganisms, pests and diseases. (c) Edaphic factors: soil pH, soil texture and soil structure. 3. Rock formation (a) rock types: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic; (b) rock formation processes. Formation, composition and properties of soil (a) Factors of soil formation: parent rock, topography, organisms, climate, vegetation and time (b) Processes of soil formation: physical, chemical and biological processes. An over-view of the different land tenure systems in West Africa. Discussion should
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