West Coast Hotel V. Parrrish Case Study

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In 1936 the Supreme Court heard the case of West Coast Hotel vs. Parrish. The case originated from a 1932 law in Washington State entitled “Minimum Wages for Women.” This law was supposed to set up minimum wages for women and children because the state felt that these groups were likely to be exploited. The public and many industrial influences collaborated to come up with what they felt was appropriate. For Elsie Parrish who was a chambermaid at a hotel owned by West Coast Hotel that meant that she should be making $14.50 for every forty-eight-hour work week. However, this was not the case and Mrs. Parrish was not being paid the wages that had been set forth in the “Minimum Wages for Women” law. Elsie Parrish decided to sue West Coast Hotel in a Washington State Court for the difference between the wages she was act-ally making and what the law said the minimum wage for women was. West Coast Hotel’s defense of their actions was claiming that the law itself was unconstitutional. The state court ruling was in favor of the hotel. Parrish then appealed the decision to the Washington Supreme court, they reversed the decision of the state court and then ordered that West Coast Hotel pay damages to Parrish. West Coast Hotel then appealed the decision to the United States Supreme Court in 1936. West Coast Hotel, the appellant, was relying on the verdict of the Adkins v. Children’s Hospital case that had been heard by the Court. In the Adkins case, the Court had deemed that the

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