West Nile Virus Is A Mosquito Borne Virus

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West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne virus. The agent of West Nile is described as being a “mosquito-borne enveloped positive-strand RNA virus that emerged in 1999 in North America, specifically in New York City” (Public/Publisher Medline, 2015). Since its spread to North America it has continued to spread throughout the United States and even places such as Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean. However, its first emergence was in 1937 in Uganda (Medline Plus, 2014). According to Pub Med, there are now more than 41,000 clinical cases of West Nile virus which also includes 1700 fatalities. Moreover there is an estimation of “3 million people in the United States that have been infected since last year” (Pub Med, 2015). West Nile virus is spread when “a mosquito bites an infected bird and also bites a person after being infected” (Medline Plus, 2014). This transmission can be found in Figure 1 of page 6. However, there are no symptoms in most people that are infected with West Nile virus. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, most people, “around 70%-80% do not develop any symptoms at all” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). Despite those statistics, that is not always the case. Some infected people experience febrile illness. For example, “about 1 in 5 people with West Nile virus will contract a fever and feel symptoms such as headaches, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash, etc.” (CDC, 2015). Despite those symptoms,
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