Western Civilization Q&A

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Western Civ. Test 2 take home

C) First and Second Triumvirates
A Triumvirate is a political alliance involving three rulers, who divide the land and power among each other. The first Triumvirate involved Pompey; who was a popular general who crushed the Spanish Revolt. The second was Crassus; he was a wealthy noble with a lot of ambition and was very ruthless. Crassus owned all the fire stations in Rome, when a person needed his services he would let the fire burn until he was paid a sum of money to his likings. Crassus was unsuccessful in his military pursuits. The third was Julius Caesar; he was also a wealthy noble. He was very popular with the lower class. For a short period Caesar was the Governor of Spain, when he returned he was
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He taught equality, which was very popular among the lower class. The Roman governments strongly opposed his teachings because he was gaining a strong influence over the lower and middle class, this was becoming detrimental to the Roman Empire. Pontius Pilot ordered for Jesus to be crucified to support peace. After his death, followers of Jesus created what is known today as the “church”. Another way that spread Christianity was the practice of Evangelism; created by Paul, one of Jesus’ followers, which is spreading the word of God and Jesus’ teachings. Paul was the universal voice for Christians. Paul also spread his teachings to Gentiles, who are non-Jews. These strategies helped spread Christianity quickly, and among more groups of people. One of the most significant events in spreading Christianity was at a Jewish festival in Jerusalem, this event contained many people from around the world, this was a great opportunity to help spread the word of Christianity. Christianity struggled for acceptance among the Roman Government. They were essentially ignored, being barred from offices and politics. By the third century Christianity had settled in Italy and Judea. Many Roman rulers persecuted Christians, under Diocletian they weren’t even considered human, and outlawed from the Roman Empire. Diocletian claimed Christians as reprehensible for the fall of the Roman Empire. When Diocletian retired, Constantine took
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