Western Self And Non Western People

Satisfactory Essays
However, the tendency of denial of the idea of self to non-Western people is evident in several other Western anthropologists. Louis Dumont (1985:94) characterizes the Western conception of self with individualism and the non-Western with wholism (the paramount value lies in society as a whole); especially Indians deemphasizes individuality, he observes (1980:185, 231-239). According to Richard A. Shweder and Edmund J. Bourne (1984:190), Western self is egocentric contractual, while the self of other people (Indians, for example) is sociocentric organic (individual interests are subordinated to the good of the collectivity). Anthony Marsella (1985:209) characterizes the Western self as independent, autonomous, differentiated, and individuated, and the non-Western self as unindividuated and tend to deemphasis individual autonomy and independence as well as tend to include a wide variety of significant others. John Kirkpatrick and Geoffrey M. White (1985:11) contend that the Western self contains all psychological matters pertaining to a single person and the non-Western self contains some collectivity, such as the family, the community, and even the land within the self. Edward E. Sampson (1988:15) characterizes the Western self as self-contained individualism and the non-Western self as ensembled individualism. Hazel R. Markus and Shinobu Kitayama (1991:8) describe the Western self as autonomous and independent, and the non-Western self as interdependent.
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