Wgu - Wut2 Task

7606 Words Sep 27th, 2015 31 Pages
Traumatic Brain Injury

WUT2 Task
Western Governors University

A. Investigated Disease Process
The disease process I will be reviewing is traumatic brain injuries. A traumatic brain injury occurs when sudden trauma occurs to an individual’s brain. Traumatic brain injuries are considered closed or penetrating. Traumatic brain injuries are categorized as mild, moderate or severe based on the amount of damage that occurs to the brain. (ninds.nih.gov, 2015)
A1. Pathophysiology To understand traumatic brain injuries, we must first discuss the numerous causes of brain injury. When injury occurs to the brain, the patient encounters the primary injury that is directly related and occurs at the time of the injury. Secondary injury
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Skull fractures are another type of traumatic brain injuries. Closed skull fractures can lead to brain hematomas and damage to the cranial nerves. Open skull fractures can occur from a direct blow or a penetrating injury. Open skull fractures related to direct blows often have increased injures related to the skull fragments being depressed into the brain or the vascular structures of the brain. Different types of intracranial hemorrhages can occur due to injuries to the skull, either directly or indirectly. Epidural hematomas occur when a direct blow to the skull causes injury to the dural arteries or veins that lead to bleeding that accumulates between the dura matter and the skull. If the dural artery is injured, rapid deterioration of the patient neurologic status can occur. As the size of the epidural hematoma increases, the surrounding brain tissues is damaged due to the compression from the pressure of the blood accumulation. The patient may experience a dilated pupil on the side of the injury due to compression of the third cranial nerve. The patient may also complain of a severe headache, visual disturbances and weakness on the opposite side of the injury. If bleeding continues and increases the intracranial pressure, leading to brain shift or herniation of the brain stem which is irreversible and leads to hypertension, bradycardia and respiratory arrest. This trio of symptoms is called the Cushing’s Triad. Epidural hematomas can continue

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