What Are Droughts? Droughts

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What are droughts? Drought results from an inadequacy of precipitation from factually typical (long haul normal) amounts that, when stretched out over a season or particularly over a longer timeframe, is insufficient to meet the requests of human activities. All types of drought originate from an insufficiency of precipitation that result in water deficiencies for some activity, (for example, crop generation) or for some group, (for example, farmers). Generally, droughts are delegated as either a meteorological drought (absence of precipitation over a district for a period of time), hydrological drought (a period with insufficient surface and sub-surface water assets), agricultural drought (a period with declining soil dampness and…show more content…
The effects of La Niña on weather patterns are often more complex than El Niño. Two of the most devastating droughts in the history of the United States—the 1930s Dust Bowl and the 1988 drought in the Midwest—are associated with the effects of La Niña. There is still a lot of debate about the connection between drought and global warming, the current period of climate change. A 2013 NASA study predicts warmer worldwide temperatures will mean increased rainfall in some parts of the world and decreased rainfall in others, leading to both more flooding and more droughts worldwide. Other scientists question the prediction that there will be more droughts and believe global warming will create a wetter climate around the world. Droughts are also often caused by the activity of humans and can have devastating effects. Human activities that can help trigger droughts include widespread cutting down of trees for fuel reduces the soil’s ability to hold water - drying out the ground, triggering desertification and leading to drought and constructing a dam on a large river may help provide electricity and water to irrigate farmland near the reservoir. However, it may also cause drought downstream by severely reducing the flow of water. Where is Maharashtra? Maharashtra is a state in the northern centre of peninsular India and is the nation 's third largest state that occupies 3, 07,713 sq km in area. It has over 110 million
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