What Are Source, Form, And Redaction Criticism?

Decent Essays
Pg. 110
1.) What are source, form, and redaction criticism?
Source, form, and redaction criticism are scientific methods used in interpreting the texts of the Bible. They are methodological steps on a path to seeking the origin and provenance of the Biblical texts from about 1900 to 1975 ().
2.) How does each method work?
Form criticism puts its focus on the period of oral tradition and sees the Bible as a collection of traditional stories and sayings which were spread from word of mouth and eventually preserved in writing. Source criticism is the quest for the earliest sources which lie behind a given biblical text. Redaction criticism is a study of the collection, orchestration, editing, and modification of Biblical sources, often used to recreate the community and purposes of the authors at that time.

3.) From an evangelical perspective, what are the strengths and weaknesses of each?

Scholars use form criticism to deny Scripture and the form-critics have a bias against supernaturalism and believe that the miracles of Jesus were created. The German scholar Rudolf Bultmann believed that the Bible needed to be stripped of its miraculous accounts, and be “demythologized” in order to be accepted by modern society.
A strength of form criticism that I see is the amount of proven accuracy that the Jewish scribes put in to writing their texts. The Old Testament text and the Dead Sea Scrolls were practically identical even though they were
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