What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Management Theory

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Management is the process of planning and maintaining an organization where individuals, work together efficiently to achieve pre-set objectives (Koontz, 1990).
Management theory, as defined in the business dictionary, is a collection of ideas which set forth general rules on how to manage a business or organization. Management theory addresses how managers and supervisors relate to their organizations in the knowledge of its goals, the implementation of effective means to get the goals accomplished and how to motivate employees to perform to the highest standard.

In our current days, managers cannot rely on a single theory to implement strategies in the workplace; they need to combine different theories depending on the workplace, labor force
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However, Weber observed later that the more fully realized, the more bureaucracy depersonalizes itself. Weber predicted an impersonal organization with a low level of human interaction among its employees.

The disadvantages of the bureaucratic theory can be summarized in the:
- Additional paper work required
- Less development to the level of belonging to the organization
- Employees feel like machines due to the excessive reliance on rules and procedures, there is no room for innovation
- Employees resistance to changes
I would agree with this theory when there is a need to have a consistency in the behaviors and when following rules is a must taking into consideration that each post has clear duties and responsibilities.
B- Administrative theory
Henri Fayol focused in his theory on the duties of management, believing that management has five roles:
- Plan and forecast: Anticipating the future and act
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It is the collection of the different parts which when unified lead to the accomplishment of the goals. Those parts are the inputs (resources, technologies, and personnel), processes (planning, organizing, motivating and controlling), outputs (services), and outcomes (better life quality, higher productivity).
The systems theory gives the management a better ability to look at the organization in a broad way.
B- Situational theory
This theory states that, when making decisions, managers must take into consideration all the aspects of the current situation and act accordingly based on those aspects. In other words, it is “it depends” approach based on the situation. For instance, the autocratic style is applied when there is a crisis and a participative style when setting a plan to act against drop in sales.
C- The Chaos theory
According to Tom Peters, events in an organization are chaotic and random as they are globally. For many years, managers were acting with the concept that all events in an organization can be controlled. What the Chaos theorists suggested was that systems could become complex and volatile, hence require more energy to maintain the complexity and with more energy they need more structure to maintain stability. This inclination continues until the system either combines with another system or falls apart. It requires an effective management
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