The founders were are their way to creating a government respecting the natural rights in the case of a corrupt government the people of the nation could still have their rights. The British King did not believe in natural rights, he wanted to have power over his people therefore he created laws that would only benefit him. The colonies believed they were being treated poorly, therefore, they decided to declare independence. The colonists had no say in what the british government said or did, they could not vote for laws being made. The colonies were subordinate to the Parliament, but the Americans lost their connection to Britain and would not obey their laws due to the fact they had no
The Articles of Confederation created many problems to the new government, after the Revolutionary War. It contained a weak national government and a strong state government. After the Revolutionary War, many colonists still feared Parliament and the monarchy they were once ruled by. Therefore, they created the Articles of Confederation with a weak national government and gave all the power to the states. But, many individuals did not favor the Articles of Confederation because it gave the states equal representations, no matter how big the state, and did not give the national government the ability to tax. Therefore, the ratifying of the Constitution took place. In this new Constitution, Framers wanted to create a new nation. With a separation of powers, and a new system of checks and balances between each branch. The new Constitution, expelled all of the problems within the Articles of Confederation. But, it did not include the secure liberties that the colonists had fought for. Therefore, the Bill of Rights was proposed in order to secure our blessings of liberty and to ensure that the colonists will never chant, “no taxation without representation,” ever again.
The government and the Catholic Church have not always had a great correspondence. Out of the many parties that have been created for the government, through time, the Democrats and the Republicans have taken precedence. The Democrats lean more to the liberal side of things, while the Republicans lean more towards the conservative side. The Democrat party is the oldest existing party, and called the ‘party of the people.’ The Republican Party came into the existence just before the Civil War, mostly because of their stance for the abolition of slavery and their candidate’s win, Abraham Lincoln. Both parties have their pros and cons, and both parties have their problems with the Catholic Church.
The republicans had been the main people to push for adding a bill of rights to the Constitution before it was ratified. Both of these political parties had the same overall goal, however they had different views on various topics and problems. For example one of the the Federalist view was that the elite were the important ones, only about 105 of the population knew what it took to run a government. The Republican view on the other had was that the nation should be a mainly agricultural focused nation, because farmers were in many ways some of the smartest business mem. They had to plan for the future, know how to earn a living, have good communication with others for trade, etc. The opposition that often took place between these two groups and between men of the government , at times caused problems but also sometimes lead to brilliant outcomes or solutions. An example of a brilliant outcome that was the offspring of a heated battle or argument would be the Great Compromise. The Great Compromise was a proposal that solved many problems that the delegates of the Constitutional Convention, the main one being representation. This proposal would give all states representation in the lower house based solely on population, each slave would count as three-fifths of a person. And the upper house would represent each state equally with two delegates per state. This compromise demonstrated that the American people were willing to succeed and form a
In the early 1800s, the United States of America was still an infant country trying to figure out the best way to run its government. The Founding Fathers did not want to form a monarchy like in Great Britain, so they wanted to form some form of representative government. There were two main theories of how representative government should be run: democracy and republicanism. Democracy is the direct government by the people, where the citizens of the country vote directly for the government officials, who should be common people, no matter how esteemed the office. Republicanism is a more controlled form of democracy, where the citizens vote for representatives who then vote for the more esteemed positions in the government, such as the President
After the American Revolution the people of the United States came up with a way of organizing their government called the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation consisted of a weak Central Government and strong State Governments. As this plan was being tested, Shay´s rebellion occurred and the people realized that this way of governing was too weak to handle the people.In that case, people decided to attempt a Constitutional Convention to see what new types of governments they could search for and apply.In addition, while this process was going on, compromises also occurred and people took started taking sides between the consitution.
Also, there was no proper form of government before the constitution. There were the Articles of Confederation, which did not work very much at all. They had no power in the central government and had little way of protecting the country and no way of getting income to the central government. These showed that the colonists really didn’t know what they were doing at first, they were so busy getting rid of everything British that they didn’t realize that some of the things that the British do work quite well. These Articles and the debt lead to a large problem, Shay’s Rebellion. Due to the lack of money and the lack of government there was no way to pay the soldiers that fought in the war back. A group of soldiers banded together to rebel and wreak havoc over the country. The rebellion showed that the people were frustrated and wanted their government to do something about their problems, but the government couldn’t do anything because they didn’t know what they were doing and they really couldn’t do
After Washington became president, people started forming political parties based on how they thought the government should be run. Washington did not like the idea of the country being divided into “factions,” as he called them. But the problem was that this was happening
The Constitution was established under the disquietude of the colonies in an endeavor to escape the idea of the English monarchy. The Founding fathers no longer wanted an excessive amount of control in the hands of the government. In order to limit the power of the federal government the Founding Fathers created the three branches, checks and balances, and the Bill of Rights.
Having a strong government is essential for a working republic but instead we had a weak one. When the Continental Congress took initiative in 1777 it wanted a lasting and unifying government. Citizens were already debating how much authority each state government would get and who decided about taxes and so forth. When the Articles of Confederation was ratified in 1781 it created a frail confederation of the 13 states basically a strong friendship between the states. There was no separate
Many people especially those in smaller states were afraid, their thoughts or needs would not be heard in a government with a strong central power. This is mostly due to the Intolerable Acts, put into place by Britain in 1774. Britain in the Intolerable Acts took away most of the colonists’ freedoms as punishment for acting out against the crown. Another big fear was that by giving too much power to the central government a tyrant would arise and then the people would have to fight another Revolutionary War. The founding fathers believed this alternative, “was better than an absence of formal national government”, especially in a time of war (Office of the Historian, paragraph 4).
In 1775, America began one of the most important moments of its life as well as history overall, the America Revolution. This war was fought to free the new colonies from the tyranny of the British monarchy and the unfair way it treated them. The fight was long and hard, but in the end the battle was won and the colonies became their own nation, left to rule under their own circumstances and set up their own government. Ironically when it came to setting this up, was in some ways, more difficult than the physical battle that came and went. The first attempt at a government blueprint came as “The Articles of confederation” which was the first written constitution and attempted to unify America under a set of rules that the citizens would better follow and appreciate. Martin Kelley quotes it as a creation of a “confederation of states whereby each state retained "its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right . . . not . . . expressly delegated to the United States in Congress assembled." (Kelley). The failure came from its creation of independent states and as Ted Brackemyer puts it “…the lack of a strong national government in the Articles of Confederation led to three broad limitations.” These limits were economic disorganization, lack of central leadership, and legislative inefficiencies (Brackemyer).
Through oppression, the British king was able to tax the colonists and pass unjust laws. In order to avoid this from reoccurring, the Anti-Federalists urge for a small republic in order to protect individual rights. However, they fail to realize that a large republic can protect individual freedoms more than a small republic can. In a small republic, the probability of a majority emerging will be high, enabling the majority to easily unite and oppress the minorities. Conversely, a large republic will feature a higher variety of different opinions and distinct parties. Therefore, it will be “less probable that a majority of the whole will have a common motive to invade the rights of other citizens.” A large republic with diverse interests will make it practically impossible for any group to form a permanent stable majority large enough to oppress all others. In the case of protecting citizens against factions, “the influence of factious leaders may kindle a flame within their particular States, but will unable to spread a general conflagration through the other States.” Any inappropriate or immoral business by a faction will be contained in a large republic and its toxicity will not be able to spread and poison the
Early colonists needed to have a written document that recognized the purposes and roles of their national government. This need arose soon after they declared their independence from Great Britain. Because of their experience, they feared strong national governments but needed a constitution to bind their states together & protect them from future assaults and to strengthen their economy by trading with each other and other nations. The document that was adopted by the continental congress was the Article of confederation. But because of its weakness, the colonists needed a stronger federal government which forced them to adopt the new Constitution. (Keene, Cornell, & O’Donnell, 2011).
The founding fathers wanted to create a constitution because many believed that the national government had to be stronger than what it had been with the use of the Articles of Confederation. But at the same time they were fearful of human nature and how often it could be seen in the history of other countries such as Britain, for people in the position of power to infringe on the rights of others, by becoming hungry with power. Taking this into account, they wanted to create a government with another power to keep order and to govern. But also make sure there were sufficient checks put in