What Are The Four Functions Of Management

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INTRODUCTION There are number of factors for managers that contributes to the success of the business. The four functions of management are established to help managers see how effectively they carry out the roles (Schermerhorn 2011:112). The aim of this essay is to discus the four functions, which includes planning, organizing, directing and controlling. Also, It will look at how the different level managers in an organization and the influence of the theories of Douglas McGregor and Abraham Maslow. LEVEL OF MANAGERS In business managers are divided into three parts: top-level, middle managers and first-level managers. The quality of management has a strong impact on he satisfaction of customers and employees and their efficiency.…show more content…
They also have to ensure these goals are met. For this reason, middle management requires weekly or monthly information about the organization. Middle managers have to reach the objectives set by top-level management and plan on how to achieve these objectives. For this, they may use various tactics that help achieve the desired state and each employee is assigned or appointed to ensure the goals or objective of the organization are met. First line managers are the lowest level of management has job titles such as Office manager, Shift supervisor, Department manager are responsible for the daily management of line workers the employees who actually produce the product or offer the service. These are the managers that most employees interact with on a daily basis, and if the managers perform poorly, employees may also perform poorly, may lack motivation, or may leave the company. PLANNING According to Philip Kotler "planning is deciding in the present what to do in the future. It is the process whereby companies reconcile their resources with their objectives and opportunities” (Abuvelan 2007: 36). Further research shows that planning is “the process of setting performance objectives and determining what actions should be taken to achieve them” (Schermerhorn 2010: 9). By taking this into account I can therefore identify that planning allows managers to identify key decisions and prepare for
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