What Are The Four Major Developmental Theories

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Introduction
Developmental theories help teachers in many ways to enrich their teaching and student’s learning process. Therefore, it is very important teachers to apply the key ideas of these developmental theories in their teaching career to the betterment of students.
This document will present a brief description of four major developmental theories and will focus on how these theories can be applied in my real teaching world as a middle-school teacher. Four major developmental theories
Though many theorists have brought the study of human development, there are about four major important theories that are in use effective (Oswalt, Major Child Development Theories and Theorists, 2007). They are:
Freud’s theory of psychosexual development
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Isolation (19 to 40 years), Generativity vs.
Stagnation (40 to 65 years) and Identity vs Despair (65 to death). Erikson beliefs that each individual should successfully complete the psychosocial development stages to have a healthy personality (McLeod, Erik Erikson , 2008).
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Ibrahim Nasheed (5330) | Adolescence & Learning (0765) | Assignment 2 | Mandhu College
Piaget’s stages of cognitive development theory
Jean Piaget has brought a cognitive developmental theory with four stages;
Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years), Preoperational (2 to 7 years), Concrete operational (7 to 11 years), and formal operational (12 years to adulthood). In
Piaget’s view, throughout these four stages all children develop their thinking according to how they see the world around them (Oswalt, Jean Piaget and Child Development
, 2007).
Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development
In Kohlberg’s moral development theory, he discussed about the process which people learn how to identify and differentiate what is right and what is wrong.
In his theory, he presented main three levels with total six stages. They
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