What Are The Hga1c, Blood Pressure, And Lipid Goals For Patients With Type II Diabetes Mellitus?

839 Words Aug 11th, 2014 4 Pages
What are the HgA1c, blood pressure, and lipid goals for patients with type II diabetes mellitus?
The management of diabetes mellitus (DM) is to eradicate symptoms and to minimize the development of complications (Khardori, 2014).The minimization of microvascular damages involving kidney and eyes can accomplished through managing glycemia and blood pressure (BP) (Khardori, 2014). The minimization of macrovascular damages, for examples: coronary, cerebrovascular, peripheral vascular, can be achieved by active control of lipids and hypertension (HTN), anticoagulant therapy, and glycemic control. The DM patient should maintain their glucose level close to near-normal levels of 90 to130 mg/dL and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) levels below 7% (Khardori, 2014). HbA1c should be evaluated every three to six months (Khardori, 2014).The DM patient’s BP should be maintained below 130/80 mm Hg, and even lower for the patient’s with DM nephropathy (Khardori, 2014). Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) goal of less than 70 mg/dL in patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease (CVD) or patients with the risk factors for coronary vascular disease (CVD) (Domino & Baldor, 2013).
What measures would you take to achieve these goals?
Approaches to prevention of diabetic complications include the following:
The management of DM is most effective by a multidisciplinary team approach with expertise in diabetes and involving the patient and family (Khardori, 2014).The most successful DM management is achieved…
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