What Are The Negative Effects Of Child Labor

Decent Essays
The International Labor Organization (ILO) introduced a significant decline in child labor in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years. The number of children in the global child labor dropped from 246 million in 2000 to 168 million, down by one third. More than half of them which is nearly 85 million people are in dangerous jobs (down from 171 million in 2000). However, by 2012, there is still the largest number of child workers - to 78 million or 9.3% of the children ( 2013). Africa and Asia together accounted for more than 90% of total employment (Basu and Van, 1998). Sub-Saharan Africa has the most common child labor (28 per cent of children aged 5 to 14). In the Middle East, North Africa, East Asia and the Pacific, 10 per cent of children in this age group are performing potentially harmful jobs, compared with 9 per cent in Latin America and the Caribbean. In the least developed countries, nearly a quarter of children (ages 5 to 14) are engaged in labor and are considered harmful to their health and development (UNICEF DATA, 2016). Low enrollment rates are often considered to be one of the most important consequences of child labor, while low household incomes are considered important determinants (Schultz and Strauss, 2008). Child labor is also increasing because there is no educational material, lack of educational opportunities and negative impact of parents on child labor. Due to lack of learning, poverty and lack of awareness, many parents think that
Get Access