Worried about their son, his entire family urges next to the door and demands Gregor to unlock it. At that moment, his manager angrily storms to his house and demands an explanation for his delay. His mother tries to pleads his manager by complimenting Gregor’s devoted and hardworking attitude. She didn’t want her son to lose her occupation as she still perceived him as the successor of the family, and if anything were to happen, it would only disrupt the sustainability of her family. Finally, Gregor opens the door and witnesses the repulsive and scared faces of his family and manager. The horrified office manager backs away, his mother who was "already in tears...yelling" (12-13) passes out, and the father cries. Nevertheless, Gregor “[filled with] assurance and confidence” continued to see himself as his human self, and tries to protect this identity by delivering a long explanation. However, he doesn’t realize that no one saw him as Gregor, and regardless of how strongly he believed in his perception of himself, his family simply saw him as a disgusting creature. Courageously, the father shoves him back into the room and isolates the hideous Gregor into the room.
Once I’ve got together the money to pay off the parent 's debt to him— that should take another five or six years—I’ll do it for sure. Then I’ll make the big break.”(pg.5) In other words, Gregor is working so much for his parents and the debt that he needs to pay off. As a result of that, Gregor is overworked, he never really goes out, and spends his time reading the newspaper or looking at the bus schedule. Kafka writes, “The young man has nothing in his head except business. I’m almost angry that he never goes out at night. Right now he’s been in the city eight days, but he’s been at home every evening. He sits there with us at the table and reads the newspaper quietly or studies his travel schedules.” (pg. 15) Gregor has lost his sense of humanity and spends his time thinking about business. He has also lost all sorts of creativity he had before he started working so much. He is pretty much used to a routine based lifestyle, which lacks creativity because he has a set schedule that he follows almost everyday. This resulted into his metamorphosis. His parents relied on him to work so much, they forgot that Gregor is human just like themselves. Gregor is human who needs basic human essentials. Like going out with his friends, relaxing, and learning to appreciate the things and people around him. He could not do so because he was stuck paying off debt with a job that he hated.
Once Gregor transforms into an insect his passivity is increasingly apparent. Gregor maintains submissive personality and does not defend himself. Gregor’s physical change into a bug is the only aspect of him that changes. Gregor continuously allows himself to be abused. Upon Gregor’s transformation, he is unable to go to work. Therefore, the chief clerk visits Gregor to force him to come to work. Gregor remained locked in his room and would not leave for work. So, the clerk became extremely impatient. The frustrated clerk divulges into a cruel and demoralizing speech. He maliciously accuses Gregor of hiding because of unethical involvement in cash receipts. Later, Gregor’s family and the clerk become restless and want to see Gregor. The door to Gregor’s room is unlocked to open and reveal Gregor in his insect form. Gregor’s family and the clerk react with horror. The clerk and Gregor’s mother run away from him in fear. Gregor’s father grabs a stick and a newspaper and dashes toward Gregor, herding Gregor back into his bedroom with prods and fierce language. Gregor injures himself badly while trying to fit back through the doorway. Gregor’s door is slammed shut behind him and he his left alone, frightened and injured, in his room. The events subsequent to Gregor’s transformation exhibit his passive nature. Clearly such passivity was not useful to Gregor.
In “The Metamorphosis”, Franz Kafka, the author, tells the readers a strange story about a working salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking up one morning from an uneasy dream and found himself transformed into a verminous bug. “One Morning, as Gregor Samsa was waking up from anxious dreams, he discovered that in
There are many causes to Gregor’s stress. Stress is the cause of his transformation. The transformation of Gregor happens because he feels worthless and useless to his family. He also transforms because he represses these feelings from everyone in his life, including his family and his boss at work, causing him stress. Another cause of stress for Gregor is his strongly hated job that he feels that he can not leave. Gregor does not leave his job because he is the person in his family responsible for supporting his family financially. Although he hates his job, Gregor feels as though he can not leave it since it pays well for his family. Another reason Gregor does not leave his job as a traveling salesman is because his parent’s owe the company that Gregor works for a substantial debt.
Gregor’s metamorphosis brings many positive and negative changes in himself as well as his family. His family used to rely on him for his income as he was the only source of money in the family, but now they all worked and earned money themselves that is a very big positive change in the family. The negative change was bad for the Gregor himself as he couldn’t face the world with his new appearance,
them (Kafka, 2000). Kafka abandoned literature even though it interested him, and pursued a law degree (Godwin). But not surprisingly he "struggled his entire life under the shadow of his father's disappointment" (Coulehan), presumably because he didn't do well on a job he hated. Gregor has to deal with
Gregor was betrayed by society turning its back on him due to the transformation from human to a human-sized bug. After the metamorphosis, Gregor was pondering the idea of what people would think of him in his new form. He had high hopes that society would still accept him. "A man might find for a moment that he was unable to work, but that's exactly the right time to remember his past accomplishments and to consider that later on, when the obstacle has been removed, he's
Since Gregor put so much of his energy towards his family’s well-being rather than his own, he never formed a unique identity. After waking up as a cockroach and regretting that he wouldn’t be able to attend work, he thinks of his unhappy work life and says, “If I didn’t hold back for my parents’ sake, I would have quit long ago” (4). In sacrificing the time that he spends at work to support his family, Gregor shows the lengths he is willing to go to allow his family to survive. Gregor recognizes that his work is uninteresting, but he decides it is more important to support his family than to follow his own desires, essentially letting his parents control his life. Another example of Gregor admitting to putting his parents’ needs above his own is when he admits that a lot of his unhappiness comes from the fact that he is just a subordinate of the boss and he has no real power. As a travelling salesman, all he has to do is go from door to door trying to sell items that people don’t want. As Gregor continues to think about his life at work after his transformation, he recognizes: “He was a tool of the boss, without brains or backbone” (5). Gregor sees that he is lacking “brains or backbone”, which is recognition that he does not need individuality to perform his job. However, after his transformation, his lack of a “backbone” is externalized since, as a cockroach, he literally lacks a backbone. Gregor can see that he is a drone, since
Gregor’s role in his family characterizes him as an altruistic individual whose nature made him ignorant to his family’s manipulation. Gregor endures most of his hardships without complaint and puts the needs of his family firmly above his own. Upon realizing his transformation at the beginning of the novella, his first thoughts were not of alarm but of great concern about being late to work because it is his only means of taking care of his family (Kafka 6). After his father’s business failed, Gregor “work[ed] with special ardor” (27) doing laborious work as a traveling salesman, not only to “pay off [his] parents’ debt”(4), but to also spend what little money he has to give Grete the opportunity to perform violin professionally (26). With all these responsibilities, it’s inevitable for Gregor to be under great stress, which can infer that Gregor’s transformation is a result of his willful desire to escape the pressures his overburdened life. Gregor struggled between remaining a steadfast provider or following his desire for independence, however, his metamorphosis freed him from a job he detests. Now that it is impossible for Gregor to work, Mr.Samsa reveals that “he possessed more money than Gregor knew about” (#). This is a significant event where Kafka uses the motif of betrayal to emphasize the corruption in familial infrastructure represented through Gregor’s sacrifice and interaction with his family, as well as to socially comment about how people in society use
Indeed, Gregor’s boss has fear into his abilities just like his family does. On page 11 his boss says, “what’s the matter? You barricade yourself in your room, answer only ‘yes’ and ‘no,’ cause your parents serious, unnecessary worry, and you neglect – I mention this only in passing – your duties to the firm in a really shocking manner.” Showing us what his life consists of every day even when he is in a serious ill condition. His boss tells him that he is causing his parents
Throughout the story there is a metamorphosis that is taking place in his home. He has traded places with the family and is now living the life they had previously embelished in. His father begins to work along with his sister and his mother must now work and do the cooking and cleaning. Gregor on the other hand does nothing but daydream, crawl, and nap through his days. One ironic statement from his sister “He must go, if this were Gregor he would have realized long ago human beings can’t live with such a creature, he’d have gone away one his own accord. This creature persecutes us, drives away our lodgers, obviously wants the whole apartment to himself, and would have us all sleep in the gutter.” How selfish of her, had he not taken care of them and he was not the only one working
Throughout the novella, Gregor’s deeply rooted sense of guilt transitions from having the power to drive his actions to merely plaguing his thoughts. Immediately after his transformation, Gregor reveals that he has to “deal with the problems of traveling, the worries about train connections, irregular bad food, temporary and constantly changing human relationships…” (Kafka 4), in his daily work. Although he appears to hate his job, Gregor does not quit, as he has both intrinsic motivation to provide and extrinsic pressure from his family to keep them afloat. Rather than reflecting on his feelings and emotional baggage attached to his job, Gregor focuses on grievances set in reality, and allows this to occupy his conscious mind. After Gregor’s transformation, his
Gregor wanted to take care of his family after his father’s business failed, so he became a traveling salesman. Gregor describes being a traveling salesman as, “Always on the go, day in and day out. There are far more worries on the road than at the office, what with the constant travel, the nuisance of making your train connections…” (p.309). Being on the move as much as he is causes him to be alienated from his family and community. His job also prevents him from having a social life, “the wretched meals eaten at odd hours, and the casual acquaintances you meet only in passing, never to see again, never to become intimate friends.” (p.309). He has been loyal to his job the whole time, and has never taken a sick day. This information wasn’t taken into consideration when he is late to work the day he was turned into an insect. The office manager showed up at Gregor’s house when he didn’t show up to the train station on time. While questioning Gregor, the office manager said, “Earlier this morning the director did suggest to me a possible explanation for your disappearance – I’m referring to the sums of cash that were recently entrusted to you-but I practically swore on my solemn word of honor that this could not be.” (p.313). Since Gregor wasn’t on time to work, and isn’t answering his questions, he is accusing him of stealing money and threating his job. His boss only sees him as a tool to earn his company some money, not as a human which also alienates him.
1. Gregor’s initial reaction to his transformation, more specifically his worrying about missing the train and dwelling on the hardships of his job, reveals the extent to which Gregor’s own self-identity and way of life is dependent on his work. While most people would probably be horrified to find themselves