What Are The Rhetorical Devices In I Have A Dream Speech

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Martin Luther King’s “I Have A Dream” speech was one of the most famous speeches in history. The speech is to make people woke about the hardcore discrimination of people of color in the United States at the time. He uses many convincing and factual points to make people realize the injustice that African Americans and other minorities were facing. King uses rhetorical devices like anaphoric, synecdoche, similes, personification, and metaphors to add character and depth to his speech. In the first few paragraphs, King brings to light the fact that the Emancipation Proclamation was signed but no change really happened. MLK starts his speech off by gaining the credibility with his audience by saying “Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the emancipation proclamation.” At the time of the emancipation proclamation, President Lincoln was a huge influence in the civilians of the U.S., which is why people trusted him to make changes, but that never came. African Americans were legally free but were still socially and economically unequal. He makes the point that after one hundred years, nothing has changed by saying: “But one…show more content…
He says that if the Emancipation Proclamation was signed 100 years ago, and promises freedom, why aren’t the black people free still? This relates the logic and reasoning as well because it is another component in proving his point. When King says, “America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked ‘insufficient funds…”, he reasons that everyone understands money and that the listener is able to relate to being handed a bad check. He is making his audience understand that the minority, in fact, does get paid significantly less. In this sentence, he using metonymy, a rhetorical device in which he uses the name of one object replaces another object that is closely related to it. This helps him not be
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