Ancient South Asian and Chinese societies have many things in common, but they also have many differences in their ways of living. From social aspects to religious aspects, Ancient South Asian and Chinese societies have developed over time to become their own unique societies.
The three major religious of Southwest Asia are Christianity, Judaism and Islamic. Christianity was born first from the Jews. Then Islamic developed from both Christianity and Jewish. All three of these religions were born in the Middle East and even though they are different they all are connected to one another.
The first topic of comparison is the prospect of culture and environment in each society. Due to cultural diffusion amongst the civilizations, except geographically isolated China, among other factors, it can be deduced that the civilizations had many similar practices. However, each society boasted distinctive qualities. Early Mesopotamia, known by the moniker of “the land between the rivers,” was a fertile plain settled near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers located in the Fertile Crescent. All of the river valley civilizations settled near a river. Egypt settled near the Nile; the Indus Valley
The Mongols and Aztecs lived on completely different sides of the world. Although they had extreme differentials on Longitude and Latitude, the similarities between the two societies are compelling. The Mongols and the Aztecs were similar politically and socially. Politically, their Militaries were large and powerful; socially, women also had more rights and power. However, they were not the same in every category. Religiously, they were very different. Along with that, the foundation of their societies are very different as well, one being nomadic and one being agricultural based society.
The ancient civilizations that inhabited Mesopotamia mark some of the first times where humans formed complex societies. Mesopotamia was located in the Fertile Crescent in modern day Iraq, surrounded on both sides by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers which were its source of life. Both rivers flooded irregularly, and the black silt deposited by the flooding made the land extremely suitable for farming. Aside from the two rivers, Mesopotamia did not have any other natural barriers like mountains or deserts to protect itself from invaders. Ancient Egypt, another civilization that flourished about the same time, was centered around the Nile River Valley and Delta. The area next to the river was lush and well-watered due to predictable flooding. Most of the people during this era lived close to the river and centered their life around it. The other parts of Egypt were the Sinai Peninsula, which connected to the Arabian Peninsula; the Western Desert, which was part of the greater Libyan Desert; and the Eastern Desert, which was part of the Arabian Desert. These deserts made the Nile region less accessible to other civilizations than Mesopotamia. The similarities and differences in the geographical nature of Mesopotamia and Egypt influenced the political, economic and religious aspects of the ancient civilizations that flourished there.
Ancient China and ancient India are both important and interesting ancient civilizations. They are alike and unlike in many ways. Some significant ways in which ancient India and China are similar and different are religion, art, economics, politics, and social structure.
I chose the Mesopotamia and the Nile River Valley. These two civilizations are two of the most favorable ancient civilizations. Although these civilizations are similar in many ways, the small, but impacting differences it what makes these two civilizations stand out the most. The Nile River Valley was located in northern Africa in a country called Egypt. Mesopotamia was located in modern day Iraq, Iran, Syria, Kuwait, and parts of Turkey. The origin of Mesopotamia comes from the meaning “between two rivers.” The land is between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Defining moments for human civilization began within these two.
The three most popular religions in Southwest Asia are Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. These religions have similarities like they all believe in God but different ways. There are different ways these religions worship God. There are many holy days in these religions that get celebrated. The holy books that these religions read are similar in a way but different in many ways. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism could come in conflict with each other because one religion won’t agree with what the other religions are teaching.
Central and South America have many similarities and differences. Their governments, technology, environments, and culture compare and contrast in so many ways. Costa Rica, Guatemala, Argentina, Honduras, Chile, Venezuela, and Brazil are just a few of the places in Central and South America, but there was still so much to learn.
The Middle East is a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt the region has generally been a major center of world affairs as the major religions of Islam and Christianity and Judaism were also established within the region. The region is made up of 18 countries and has vast reserves of crude oil. In modern times the Middle East remains a strategically, economically, politically, culturally and religiously sensitive region.
Mesopotamia is located in the Fertile Crescent, between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. On the Southeast side of Mesopotamia is Sumer and the Persian Gulf. To the east of Mesopotamia are where the Zagros Mountains are located.To the Northwest side of Mesopotamia are where the Taurus Mountains are
One similarity is that there are very cold winters. Both countries are four season long and are located near the north. Also, the two countries are Christian countries.
During the years of 3500 BC to 2500 BC, the geography of a land often impacted a civilizations development in great measures. Depending on the resources available or the detriments present due to certain topographical characteristics like rivers or deserts, a civilization could flourish or collapse. By studying the geographic features of growing societies like the Nile, Euphrates, and Tigris Rivers as well as the Mediterranean Sea of Egypt and Mesopotamia, the link between developing cultures and geography will be examined through sources, including Egypt: Ancient Culture, Modern Land edited by Jaromir Malek and Babylon: Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilization by Paul Kriwaczek. To determine the extent
Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and India all have their geographical similarities, but what about differences? For instance, the climate in each civilization is the anchor which decides the 5 characteristics that each civilization follows. Although Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India are known for their sweltering summers, the real factor is how close they are to the equator. India being within close proximity of the equator, in comparison to Egypt and Mesopotamia, has a consequence of high reliance of water. On the other hand, Egypt and Mesopotamia are located above India causing a lower reliance on water. However, this does not mean Egypt has a sufficient water supply, therefore they use the Red Sea and the Nile River to gain pure water. The Chinese